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An acyl-CoA hydrolase, referred to as hBACH, was purified from human brain cytosol. The enzyme had a molecular mass of 100 kDa and 43-kDa subunits, and was highly active with long-chain acyl-CoAs, e.g. a maximal velocity of 295 micromol/min/mg and K(m) of 6.4 microM for palmitoyl-CoA. Acyl-CoAs with carbon chain lengths of C(8-18) were also good substrates.(More)
Recent studies on the molecular evolution of primates show that the evolutionary rate among hominoids is considerably slower than that among nonhominoid primates. However, this observation at the nucleotide-sequence level is restricted to the beta-globin family region. In this study, we sequenced orthologous immunoglobulin alpha (C alpha) genes of(More)
Individual identification of ancient human remains is one of the most fundamental requisites for studies of paleo-population genetics, including kinship among ancient people, intra- and interpopulation structures in ancient times, and the origin of human populations. However, knowledge of these subjects has been based mainly on circumstantial archaeological(More)
Uniqueness is fundamental to the individuality of species, and this in turn is based on the uniqueness of their genomes. For the purpose of resolving the genetic basis of human uniqueness, we describe here the isolation of human-specific sequences using the technique of genome subtraction, i.e., competitive reassociation of genomic DNAs between two very(More)
Acute carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication in humans results in motor deficits, which resemble those in Parkinson's disease, suggesting possible disturbance of the central dopaminergic (DAergic) neuronal system by CO exposure. In the present study, therefore, we explored the effects of CO exposure on the DAergic neuronal system in the striatum of freely moving(More)
An interesting case of acute poisoning by chromate compounds is reported. A 51-year-old man committed suicide by ingesting a fatal dose of sodium chromate solution. He unexpectedly lost consciousness 6 h after the ingestion and died approximately 20.5 h later. An examination of the blood showed noticeable hepatic damage and thrombocytopenia. The postmortem(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning caused by CO exposure at 3000 ppm for 40 min resulted in stimulation of hydroxyl radical (*OH) generation (estimated by measuring 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) production from salicylic acid) in the striatum of free-moving rats, as determined by means of brain microdialysis. Pretreatment with a voltage-dependent Na+(More)
We examined the effect of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning on the nitric oxide (NO) system in the striatum of free-moving rats by means of in vivo brain microdialysis. The extracellular levels of the oxidative NO products, nitrite (NO(2)(-)) and nitrate (NO(3)(-)), decreased during exposure to CO at 3000 ppm for 40 min, a condition which causes CO poisoning.(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning stimulated generation in rat striatum of toxic hydroxyl radicals (*OH), which might participate in the CO-induced neuronal injury. Since an increase in extracellular ascorbate (AA) stimulated *OH generation in the presence of endogenous metals, including iron, in rat striatum in vivo, we examined the role of extracellular AA(More)
Allele frequencies for a tetrameric short tandem repeat locus, CYP19, were determined in 220 unrelated Japanese individuals. The frequency distribution was similar to that of a previous report. However, PCR amplification using two sets of primers suggested that one allele consisting of 7 TTTA repeats (the allele 7) was divided into two separate ones, 7P(More)