Kunihiko Aizawa

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AIMS To examine the effects of a 24-week lifestyle intervention prescribed by family doctors on carotid artery stiffness in metabolic syndrome (MS) subjects with pre-hypertension and/or pre-diabetes. METHODS Sixty-three middle-aged and older subjects with pre-hypertension and/or pre-diabetes were divided into subjects without MS (MS-) and with MS (MS+).(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need to develop and validate surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in subjects with diabetes. The macrovascular changes associated with diabetes include aggravated atherosclerosis, increased arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine which of these factors is most strongly(More)
We evaluated (1) endothelial function (FMD, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1) cross-sectionally in subjects with (MS+) and without (MS-) metabolic syndrome who were at increased risk for cardiovascular disease due to either HNBP and/or IGR, and (2) examined in a subgroup of subjects the effects of 24-week lifestyle modification on endothelial function. MS components, FMD(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously described a distinct abnormality in the cutaneous microcirculation that is characterized by an abnormal reperfusion response following an ischemic stimulus. We investigated the physiological significance of this abnormality; by measuring microvascular perfusion and blood oxygen saturation in groups stratified by three distinct(More)
Arterial stiffness increases with ageing and hypertension. Regular physical activity has been recommended as an important management component of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute impact of maximal dynamic exercise and the effect of 20 weeks of aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness of the carotid and brachial arteries in(More)
Diets rich in green, leafy vegetables have been shown to lower blood pressure (BP) and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Green, leafy vegetables and beetroot are particularly rich in inorganic nitrate. Dietary nitrate supplementation, via sequential reduction to nitrite and NO, has previously been shown to lower BP and improve endothelial function(More)
OBJECTIVE Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) degrade extracellular matrix proteins and play important roles in development and tissue repair. They have also been shown to have both protective and pathogenic effects in atherosclerosis, and experimental studies have suggested that MMP-12 contributes to plaque growth and destabilization. The objective of this(More)
The authors evaluated the effects of acute arm-cycling exercise on arterial stiffness of the brachial artery (BA: working limb) and posterior tibial artery (PTA: nonworking limb) in healthy older participants. Eleven participants were tested to evaluate BA and PTA stiffness. Blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and arterial stiffness indices of the BA and(More)
AIMS This cross-sectional study compared carotid artery stiffness in metabolic syndrome (MS) subjects with high-normal blood pressure (HNBP) and/or impaired glucose regulation. METHODS Eighty-nine subjects (40M and 49F, 53.5+/-9.3 years) with either HNBP, impaired glucose regulation, or both were studied. The following measurements were included: risk(More)