Kunichika Nakamiya

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Citizens in an area of Kamisu City, Ibaraki, Japan had exhibited unusual health problems, and pollution of well water by diphenylarsinic acid (DPAA) was found in the area. We examined the effects of DPAA on various behaviors in mice. DPAA was administered to mice through free intake of drinking water for 27 weeks (subchronic exposure) or 57 weeks (chronic(More)
By using 1,4-dioxane as the sole source of carbon, a 1,4-dioxane-degrading microorganism was isolated from soil. The fungus, termed strain A, was able to utilize 1,4-dioxane and many kinds of cyclic ethers as the sole source of carbon and was identified as Cordyceps sinensis from its 18S rRNA gene sequence. Ethylene glycol was identified as a degradation(More)
Use of the cyclic ether degrading fungus, Cordyceps sinensis strain A to degrade dibenzo-p-dioxin (DD), 2,3,7-trichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7-triCDD) and octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (octaCDD) has revealed a new degradation pathway for dioxins. Catechols and other possible degradation products were synthesized to facilitate the identification, detection and(More)
In this study, we investigated the use of microbes to degrade and remove bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a common plasticizer and a suspected endocrine disruptor, exuding from polyvinyl chloride. Four species of bacteria that utilize DEHP as their sole carbon source were isolated from garden soil, one of which, strain NK0301, was markedly more(More)
Microorganisms were not directly accumulated when soil contaminated to about 0.5 mM with diphenylarsinic acid (DPAA) was used as the sole source of carbon. However, using toluene as the carbon source yielded several isolates, which were then used in cultivation with DPAA as the sole source of carbon. By these methods, Kytococcus sedentarius strain NK0508,(More)
Laboratory workers were bothered by an irritation that caused coughing during the cultivation of microorganisms that degraded di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). The authors found that mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), a known cause of asthma, was released during the degradation of DEHP. At its highest production and vaporization rate, the amount was(More)
The high toxicity of diphenylarsinic acid, found in ground water and well water as a probable consequence of the inappropriate disposal of warfare agents, prompted us to study the reaction, monitored by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, of the compound and its monophenyl analogue, phenylarsonic acid, with cellular thiols as represented, in particular, by(More)
2-Chlorovinylarsonic acid (CVAOA) is a stable abiotic metabolite of lewisite 1 that has been identified in lewisite dumps. There have been no reports of microbial degradation of CVAOA, so we isolated and examined CVAOA-degrading microorganisms. CVAOA contains arsine, which is toxic to microbial growth. We therefore used the simple organic chemical,(More)
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