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The relationship between water diffusion parameters measured using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and histological malignancy of gliomas was investigated. DTI was performed using a 3.0T MR scanner in 41 consecutive patients with histologically proven gliomas. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) were calculated and compared with the WHO(More)
OBJECTIVE The sphingosylphosphorylcholine-Rho-kinase pathway plays an important role in Ca(2+) sensitization of vascular smooth muscle contraction. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) inhibits sphingosylphosphorylcholine -Rho-kinase-activated Ca(2+)-sensitization in vitro and in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) models in vivo and has also been shown to inhibit the(More)
OBJECT Intracranial hemorrhage associated with cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. In the present study the authors evaluated 4494 patients with carotid artery stenosis who had undergone CEA or CAS to clarify the clinicopathological(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but potentially devastating complication that can occur after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether intraoperative transcranial regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) monitoring via near-infrared spectroscopy could be reliably used to identify patients at risk for(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to clarify the reliability of positron emission tomography (PET) using a new hypoxic cell tracer, 1-(2-[(18)F]fluoro-1-[hydroxymethyl]ethoxy)methyl-2-nitroimidazole ((18)F-FRP170). PROCEDURES Twelve patients with glioblastoma underwent (18)F-FRP170 PET before tumor resection. Mean standardized uptake value (SUV) and(More)
A desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma (DIA) is an extremely rare tumor that comprises a solid astrocytic tumor accompanied by a large cyst and involves the superficial cerebral cortex and leptomeninges in infants. The solid part of this type of tumor has been well described in various reports and books, but characteristics of the cystic portion have remained(More)
PURPOSE To examine the variability in the qualitative and quantitative results of computed tomographic (CT) perfusion imaging generated from identical source data of stroke patients by using commercially available software programs provided by various CT manufacturers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval and informed consent were(More)
PURPOSE To design a digital phantom data set for computed tomography (CT) perfusion and perfusion-weighted imaging on the basis of the widely accepted tracer kinetic theory in which the true values of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), mean transit time (MTT), and tracer arrival delay are known and to evaluate the accuracy and(More)
Hypoxic cells play a key role in the radioresistance of malignant glioma. Interferon-beta, ACNU as nimustine hydrochloride and radiotherapy (IAR) is a common therapy for malignant glioma in Japan. Since hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) increases oxygen pressure in glioma tissue, we applied a modified IAR therapy, radiotherapy after HBO combined with(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. The purpose of the present study, which was not a randomized controlled trial but a case cohort study with historical control, was to determine whether pretreatment with a novel free radical scavenger, edaravone, could prevent(More)