Kuniaki Mukai

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In an attempt to elucidate the mechanism(s) through which the functional adrenal cortex is established, we analyzed immunohistochemically the expression of various markers for the adrenocortical zones, i.e. the zona glomerulosa (zG), the zona fasciculata (zF), and the zona reticularis (zR), as well as markers for the medulla, and further examined the(More)
There is accumulating evidence of an increased risk of familial clustering of cancer in the first-degree relatives of lung cancer probands. However, no explanation has been proposed for these epidemiological data. We reviewed 379 female non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients to obtain their family histories of malignancy. Among them, nine female NSCLC(More)
The adrenal cortex of mammals has been known to consist of three morphologically and functionally distinct zones, i.e. the zona glomerulosa (zG), the zona fasciculata (zF) and the zona reticularis (zR), each of which secretes a specific corticosteroid different from those produced by the other two zones. We found previously, however, that an additional zone(More)
Circadian rhythms and zonal variations in the cell proliferation of adult rat adrenal cortex were studied by following the cells in the DNA-synthesizing stage (S-phase) as assessed by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation into the cell-nuclei and/or by visualizing proliferating cell nuclear antigen. The S-phase cells were observed throughout the day in two(More)
Although postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (PAC) with uracil-tegafur significantly improves the prognosis of patients with stage I lung adenocarcinoma, subset analysis has revealed that only 11.5% of patients with stage IB derive actual benefit from such therapy. Therefore, it is extremely important to identify patients for whom adjuvant chemotherapy will(More)
A simple unification algorithm for infinite trees has been developed. The algorithm is designed to work efficiently under structure sharing implementations of logic programming languages, e.g., Prolog (Warren [3]). A relation, called "is covered with", between two terms is introduced to terminate the algorithm. The fundamental operations are to compute the(More)
Mast cells are present in the human adult adrenal with a potential role in the regulation of aldosterone secretion in both normal cortex and adrenocortical adenomas. We have investigated the human developing adrenal gland for the presence of mast cells in parallel with steroidogenic enzymes profile and serotonin signaling pathway. RT-QPCR and(More)