Kuniaki Mukai

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CONTEXT Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and steroid 11 beta-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) catalyze the terminal steps for aldosterone and cortisol syntheses, respectively, thereby determining the functional differentiation of human adrenocortical cells. Little is known, however, about how the cells expressing the enzymes are actually distributed in the adrenals(More)
The adrenal cortex of mammals has been known to consist of three morphologically and functionally distinct zones, i.e. the zona glomerulosa (zG), the zona fasciculata (zF) and the zona reticularis (zR), each of which secretes a specific corticosteroid different from those produced by the other two zones. We found previously, however, that an additional zone(More)
Expression of a previously cloned secretory protein named adrenocortical zonation factor 1 (AZ-1, also called Tin-ag-RP or lipocalin 7) is tightly linked with the zonal differentiation of adrenocortical cells. It is also present in vascular smooth muscle (VSM), although its function has remained unknown. In this study, the location of AZ-1 was specified to(More)
CONTEXT We previously reported that the human adrenal cortex remodels to form subcapsular aldosterone-producing cell clusters (APCCs). Some APCCs were recently found to carry aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA)-associated somatic mutations in ion channel/pump genes, which implied that APCCs produce aldosterone autonomously and are an origin of APA. However,(More)
CONTEXT Although primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of endocrine hypertension, histopathological methods to reveal the presence and sites of aldosterone overproduction remain to be established. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the significance of immunohistochemical staining to detect CYP11B2 and CYP11B1 in adrenal(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the long-term outcome after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and to establish the role of functional pathology for the final diagnosis of aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) or hyperplasia. DESIGN A single-centre, retrospective cohort study in a hospital setting. PATIENTS Consecutive patients(More)
A cDNA encoding a secretory protein hitherto unknown was cloned from mouse adrenocortical cells by subtractive hybridization between the cells without and with expressing steroid 11beta-hydroxylase (Cyp11b-1), a marker for the functional differentiation of cells in the zonae fasciculata reticularis (zFR). The deduced protein consisting of 466 amino acids(More)
UNLABELLED Activation of aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells is well known as the Warburg effect, although its relation to cell- cycle progression remains unknown. In this study, human colon cancer cells were labeled with a cell-cycle phase-dependent fluorescent marker Fucci to distinguish cells in G1-phase and those in S + G2/M phases. Fucci-labeled cells(More)
Tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen-like 1 (Tinagl1, also known as adrenocortical zonation factor 1 [AZ-1] or lipocalin 7) has been cloned from mouse adrenocortical cells and is known to be closely associated with zonal differentiation of adrenocortical cells. In cell culture systems, TINAGL1 is a matricellular protein that interacts with both structural(More)
CONTEXT Adrenal mast cells can stimulate aldosterone secretion through the local release of serotonin (5-HT) and activation of the 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4). In aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs), 5-HT4 receptor is overexpressed and the administration of 5-HT4 receptor agonists to patients with APA increases plasma aldosterone levels. These data and the(More)