Kuniaki Hirose

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Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) uptake by macrophages plays an important role in foam cell formation. It has been suggested the presence of heterogeneous subsets of macrophage, such as M1 and M2, in human atherosclerotic lesions. To evaluate which types of macrophages contribute to atherogenesis, we performed cDNA microarray analysis to determine(More)
AIM We assessed levels of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in serum and red blood cells (RBCs) among groups stratified by generation and its clinical significance in Japanese subjects living in an urban area. METHODS We enrolled 200 apparently healthy Japanese (126 males, mean age: 50.3+/-9.2 years) living in an urban area. Levels of PUFA, including(More)
Noninvasive detection of coronary artery stenosis usually requires a stress test in patients without left ventricular (LV) regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA). In contrast, abnormal regional LV relaxation caused by ischemia may persist beyond recovery from transient ischemia. The aim of the present study was to determine whether segmental analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, much attention has been focused on cardio-renal interaction. Urinary liver-type fatty acid binding protein (U-L-FABP), which is produced in the proximal tubule by renal hypoxia and oxidative stress, has been identified as a useful marker for diagnosis of acute kidney disease and a predictor of future events in chronic kidney disease.(More)
BACKGROUND Post-prandial hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and endothelial dysfunction play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Improvement in post-prandial hyperglycemia on alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (alpha-GIs) is associated with a risk reduction of cardiovascular diseases, but the post-prandial effects of alpha-GIs on endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular risk stratification of asymptomatic diabetic patients is important and remains a difficult clinical problem. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that coronary flow reserve (CFR) assessed by noninvasive transthoracic Doppler echocardiography predicts prognosis in those patients. METHODS From February 2002 to January 2005, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipid rafts are cholesterol-enriched microdomains on cell membranes. We hypothesized that these microdomains could involve modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake. METHODS AND RESULTS Co-localizations of cholesterol-enriched microdomains and CD204 during the uptake of acetyl LDL (AcLDL) and oxidized LDL were observed using Alexa488-labeled(More)
AIM A sedentary lifestyle with insufficient exercise is associated with cardiovascular disease. Previous studies have demonstrated that endurance exercise benefits atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disorders; however, the mechanisms by which physical activity, such as voluntary exercise (Ex), produces these effects are not fully understood. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is associated with impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Medical treatment that interferes with various steps in the renin-angiotensin system improves glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. However, it remains unclear if long-acting calcium channel blockers (CCBs) such as azelnidipine and amlodipine affect glucose(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine whether global strain imaging diastolic index (SIDI) obtained using 2-D speckle tracking imaging (2DSI) could predict elevation in and rapid change of LV filling pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients (n=126) underwent echocardiography and 2DSI during simultaneous cardiac catheterization. There were 60(More)