Kunhua Wang

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The transmembrane receptor guanylate cyclase-C (GC-C) signaling pathway has been implicated in several gastrointestinal disorders. Activation of GC-C via guanylin (Gn) and uroguanylin (Ugn) regulates intestinal fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. However, how it regulates the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is still unclear. Here, we(More)
Aquaporin (AQP) water channels are expressed in high-grade tumor cells of different tissue origins. In this study, we investigated whether AQP3 is expressed in cultured MPC-83 pancreatic cancer cells, whether AQP3 enhances cell migration and the signal pathway mechanism involved. MPC-83 pancreatic cancer cells were(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is the result of a chronic intestinal inflammatory response which usually occurred in colon and small intestine. Keratins constitute the intermediate filament cytoskeleton in all epithelia. The present study was intended to explore the role of Keratin 1 (KRT1) in the progress of IBD. In normal intestinal tissue, the(More)
In the present study, we examined the mechanisms of oxaliplatin-induced drug resistance in human colorectal cancer cell lines HT29 and HCT116. Our results demonstrate a significant autophagy expression in CRC cells after an oxaliplatin treatment. Administration of oxaliplatin to human CRC cells significantly enhanced the expression of HMGB1, which regulated(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine environmental factors associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Yunnan Province, a southwestern highland region of China. METHODS In this nested case-control study, newly diagnosed ulcerative colitis (UC) cases in 2 cities in Yunnan Province and Crohn's disease (CD) cases in 16 cities in Yunnan(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The morbidity of ulcerative colitis (UC) is increasing in China every year. In addition, there is a lack of accurate diagnostic indices with which to evaluate the activity of the disease. The aim of this study was to identify UC-associated proteins as biomarkers for the diagnosis, and objective assessment of disease activity. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) on peribiliary vascular plexus (PVP) in rat bile duct ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS Total 128 male SD rats were randomly divided into saline group (Saline), empty virus group (Adv), induced group (Adv-HO-1) and suppressed group (HO-1 siRNA), and there were 32 rats in each group. Rats were(More)
Nanomaterials are increasingly used as drug carriers for cancer therapy. Nanomaterials also appeal to researchers in the areas of cancer diagnosis and biomarker discovery. Several antitumor nanodrugs are currently being tested in preclinical and clinical trials and show promise in therapeutic and other settings. We review the development of nanomaterial(More)
PURPOSE Dexamethasone (Dex), a glucocorticoid (GC), is used as a pretreatment drug in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Dex functions by binding to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) to prevent allergic reactions and severe chemotherapeutic side effects such as nausea and vomiting. However, the mechanisms by which Dex causes chemoresistance remain(More)
The lung is the most common extra-abdominal site of metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC), in which circular RNA (circRNA) may have a crucial role. Therefore, the present study detected circRNA expression to identify novel targets to further study lung metastasis in CRC. In the present study, total RNA was extracted from CRC tissues of patients with and(More)