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PURPOSE To evaluate risk factors for pneumothorax and bleeding after computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous coaxial cutting needle biopsy of lung lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study involved 117 consecutive patients with 117 intrapulmonary lesions. Statistical analysis of factors related to patient characteristics, lung lesions, and biopsy(More)
Several notions of constraint qualifications are generalized from the setting of convex inequality systems to that of convex generalized equations. This is done and investigated in terms of the coderivatives and the normal cones, and thereby we provide some characterizations for convex generalized equations to have the metric subregularity. As applications,(More)
Using variational analysis, we study vector optimization problems with objectives being closed multifunctions on Banach spaces or in Asplund spaces. In particular, in terms of the coderivatives, we present Fermat’s rules as necessary conditions for an optimal solution of the above problems. As applications, we also provide some necessary conditions (in(More)
This paper concerns a generalized equation defined by a closed multifunction between Banach spaces, and we employ variational analysis techniques to provide sufficient and/or necessary conditions for a generalized equation to have the metric subregularity (i.e., local error bounds for the concerned multifunction) in general Banach spaces. Following the(More)
In this paper, we mainly study various notions of regularity for a finite collection {C1, · · · , Cm} of closed convex subsets of a Banach space X and their relations with other fundamental concepts. We show that a proper lower semicontinuous function f on X has a Lipschitz error bound (resp., Υ-error bound) if and only if the pair {epi(f), X×{0}} of sets(More)
Using variational analysis, we study the linear regularity for a collection of finitely many closed sets. In particular, we extend duality characterizations of the linear regularity for a collection of finitely many closed convex sets to the possibly nonconvex setting. Moreover the sharpest linear regularity constant can also be dually represented under the(More)