Kung-Chong Chao

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OBJECTIVE To compare the immediate results of patients undergoing either two-channel single-port laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy or conventional multiport laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to undergo laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy using the single-port (n=50) or conventional (n=50)(More)
Metastasis is the major factor affecting patient survival in ovarian cancer. However, its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Our study used isogenic pairs of low- and high-invasive ovarian cancer cell lines to demonstrate the downregulation of miRNA-138 in the highly invasive cells, and its functioning as an inhibitor of cell migration and invasion. An(More)
Due to their immunomodulatory functions, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for clinical applications to prevent rejection in organ transplantation and to prevent graft-versus-host disease in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation. Since dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in modulating diverse T cell responses, including(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial ovarian cancer is basically a heterogeneous disease with different chemosensitivity and distinct molecular alternations for each histological subtype. In order to assess whether the results of clinical trials can be extrapolated to a new country, it is critical to first examine whether the relative frequencies is homogenous across(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of the pulmonary recruitment maneuver (PRM) and intraperitoneal normal saline infusion (INSI) in removing postlaparoscopic carbon dioxide from the abdominal cavity to decrease laparoscopy-induced abdominal or shoulder pain after surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was(More)
Adenomyosis is an oestrogen-dependent disease caused by a downward extension of the endometrium into the uterine myometrium. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) endows cells with migratory and invasive properties and can be induced by oestrogen. We hypothesized that oestrogen-induced EMT is critical in the pathogenesis of adenomyosis. We first(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial ovarian tumors of borderline malignancy are different from benign tumors and malignant neoplasms. They exist with relatively benign clinical course, younger age and better prognosis as compared with invasive malignant carcinomas. Most of them are discovered at early stage, for example, stage Ia. This retrospective review evaluates the(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate recurrence rates and fertility outcomes of patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) treated with fertility-sparing surgery. METHODS This was a retrospective study. All women with BOTs from 2000 to 2006 were evaluated. Clinical outcomes were compared among groups that underwent radical, unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, or(More)
The "gold standard" treatment for endometrial cancer is completely staged surgery, followed by radiation or chemotherapy, based on the final pathological surgical stage and requirements. In the primary treatment of endometrial cancers, hormones are rarely taken into consideration after primary surgery. Primary treatment with hormones to preserve fertility(More)
Glucocorticoids are widely used in conjunction with chemotherapy for ovarian cancer to prevent hypersensitivity reactions. Here we reveal a novel role for glucocorticoids in the inhibition of ovarian cancer metastasis. Glucocorticoid treatments induce the expression of miR-708, leading to the suppression of Rap1B, which result in the reduction of(More)