Kung-Chia Young

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We sequenced the prion protein gene and studied the biochemical characteristics and the intracerebral distribution of protease-resistant prion protein with Western blot and immunohistochemistry in 19 cases of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. We identified four groups of subjects defined by the genotype at codon 129 of the prion protein gene, the site of(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), a cerebello-pyramidal syndrome associated with dementia and caused by mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP), is phenotypically heterogeneous. The molecular mechanisms responsible for such heterogeneity are unknown. Since we hypothesize that prion protein (PrP) heterogeneity may be associated with(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) is characterized by the accumulation of proteinase K (PK)-resistant prion protein fragments (PrP(sc)) of approximately 7 to 15 kd in the brain. Purified GSS amyloid is composed primarily of approximately 7-kd PrP peptides, whose N terminus corresponds to residues W(81) and G(88) to G(90) in patients with the(More)
The prion protein (PrP) plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of a group of sporadic, genetically determined and infectious fatal degenerative diseases, referred to as "prion diseases", affecting the central nervous system of humans and other mammals. The cellular PrP is encoded by a single copy gene, highly conserved across mammalian species. In(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity of andrographolide, a diterpenoid lactone extracted from Andrographis paniculata, and to identify the signalling pathway involved in its antiviral action. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Using HCV replicon and HCVcc infectious systems, we identified anti-HCV activity of(More)
Ribavirin (RBV), a guanosine analogue, has been suggested to exert an antiviral action against hepatitis C virus (HCV) by causing lethal mutations and suppressing RNA polymerase in vitro, but the mechanism of its clinical therapeutic effects is currently unknown. To test the hypothesis that RBV could act both as an RNA mutagen and inhibit viral RNA(More)
Mutations in ABCA1, a member of the ATP-binding cassette family, have been shown to underlie Tangier disease (TD) and familial hypoalphalipoproteinemia (FHA), which are genetic disorders that are characterized by depressed concentrations of plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. An important question is whether common variants within the coding(More)
We present two patients with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), one from a previously undescribed kindred and one from the Canadian branch of a previously reported British kindred. In both patients, GSS is caused by a substitution of thymine for cytosine at codon 102 of the prion protein gene (PRNP). In each patient, we confirmed the clinical(More)
INTRODUCTION Receptor-mediated estrogen activation participates in the development and progression of breast cancer. Estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha polymorphism has been found to be associated with breast cancer and clinical features of the disease in Caucasians. Epidemiologic studies have revealed that age-incidence patterns of breast cancer in Asians differ(More)
BACKGROUND Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a natural metabolite of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in the circulation. Systematic investigation of total protein components and dynamics might provide insights into this normal metabolic process. METHODS VLDL and LDL were purified from normolipidemia pooled plasma by gradient ultracentrifugation with(More)