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Unanesthetized adult male rats were infused intravenously with solutions containing 54Mn (II) and one of six concentrations of stable Mn(II). The infusion was timed to produce a near constant [Mn] in plasma for up to 20 min. Plasma was collected serially and on termination of the experiment, samples of CSF, eight brain regions, and choroid plexus (CP) were(More)
Cationic amino acids are transported from blood into brain by a saturable carrier at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The transport properties of this carrier were examined in the rat using an in situ brain perfusion technique. Influx into brain via this system was found to be sodium independent and followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics with half-saturation(More)
The permeability-surface area product (PA) of [3H]- or [14C]sucrose at the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) of the sciatic nerve; and at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), were determined in Fischer-344 rats at 3, 11 and 31 months of age. PA was determined by using an in vivo i.v. bolus injection of radiotracer with two-time point graphic and quantitative(More)
Regional blood-brain barrier permeability-surface area products (PAs) of cationized bovine serum albumin (cBSA) with isoelectric point (pI) approximately 8 or greater than or equal to 11 and of native bovine serum albumin (nBSA;pI approximately 4) were determined in awake male Sprague-Dawley rats after bolus intravenous injection. The albumins were labeled(More)
Nerve water content and the permeability-surface area product (PA) to [3H]-or [14C]sucrose at the blood-nerve barrier were determined in unanesthetized control rats fed a normal diet and in rats fed galactose with or without an aldose reductase inhibitor (Statil or AL 1576) or a thromboxane synthetase inhibitor (CGS 12970). Nerve water content was(More)
Blood-nerve barrier tissues (endoneurial blood vessels and perineurium) of the frog's sciatic nerve were studied during chronic Wallerian degeneration to determine whether barrier function depends on the presence of intact axons. Sciatic nerves of adult frogs were transected in the abdominal cavity; the ends were tied to prevent regeneration and the distal(More)
Perineurial permeabilities to [3H]sucrose and [14C]dextran (MW = 70,000), and water content, conduction velocity (CV) and maximum amplitude (MAP) of the compound action potential, were determined in Wallerian degenerated nerves (sciatic or tibial) of the frog and compared with values in the contralateral uncut nerves. Three days after transection of the(More)
Calcium-uptake into PC12 cells was measured by incubation with 45Ca after the cells were exposed for 24 h to beta-amyloid peptide(1-40) at concentrations between 0 and 46 microM. The rate of influx of 45Ca into PC12 cells was constant for the first 10 min. For 46 microM beta-amyloid peptide(1-40), the rate of influx was about 1,300 ions/s/microns 2 and the(More)
Blood-retinal barrier (BRB) and blood-aqueous barrier (BAB) permeability were assessed by various methods to clarify conflicting reports on whether blood-retinal barrier permeability changes occur in diabetic and galactose-fed rats and to assess the potential role of aldose reductase in this process. Different molecular weight probes were utilized in rats(More)