Kunal R Chaudhary

Learn More
The use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) has become wide spread since the introduction of continuous ambulatory PD more than 25 years ago. Over this time, many advances have been made and PD is an alternative to hemodialysis (HD), with excellent comparable survival, lower cost, and improved quality of life. The percentage of prevalent PD patients in the United(More)
Previously, we have developed a unique in vitro LNCaP cell model, which includes androgen-dependent (LNCaP-C33), androgen-independent (LNCaP-C81) and an intermediate phenotype (LNCaP-C51) cell lines resembling the stages of prostate cancer progression to hormone independence. This model is advantageous in overcoming the heterogeneity associated with the(More)
Currently used measures to assess kidney function and injury are largely inadequate. Markers such as serum creatinine, formulas to estimate glomerular filtration rate, cystatin C, and proteinuria largely identify an underlying disease process that is well established. Thus, there has been a recent effort to identify new biomarkers that reflect kidney(More)
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a life-sustaining therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), used by 10-15% of the dialysis population worldwide. Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) is a known complication of long-term PD and frequently follows episodes of peritonitis, rendering the peritoneal membrane inadequate for dialysis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is an(More)
BACKGROUND Calcific uremic arteriolopathy (CUA), a debilitating condition with high morbidity and mortality, is most commonly seen in patients with kidney disease. The pathophysiology of CUA is multifactorial, leading to a disruption in the balance between factors that promote and those that inhibit calcification, although the exact pathophysiological(More)
Since its introduction more than 3 decades ago, the use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) has increased greatly due to its simplicity, convenience, and low cost. Advances in technique, antibiotic prophylaxis, and the introduction of newer solutions have improved survival, quality of life, and reduced rate of complications with PD. In Hong Kong, approximately 80%(More)
Over 8% of adults in the United States are estimated to have moderate (stages 3 and 4) chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is increasingly recognized as one of the independent predictors for cardiovascular (CV) disease and related mortality. Secondary hyperparathyroidism with elevated serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) is associated with increased CV(More)
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis account for several thousand deaths in the United States and often these patients have renal disease that progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), necessitating renal replacement therapy. These patients provide significant challenges to their physicians, especially in the management of their ESRD with dialysis. ESRD(More)
Elevated serum uric acid levels are a frequent finding in persons with obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular and kidney disease as well as in those with the cardiorenal metabolic syndrome (CRS). The increased consumption of a fructose-rich Western diet has contributed to the increasing incidence of the CRS, obesity and diabetes especially in industrialized(More)
The metabolic syndrome, also known as the cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS), is a state of metabolic and vascular dysregulation that is associated with activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Clinical components of the CMS include central or visceral obesity, hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia, insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia, and(More)