Kun Wook Chung

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Autophagy is a cellular degradation-recycling system for aggregated proteins and damaged organelles. Although dysregulated autophagy is implicated in various diseases including neurodegeneration, its role in pancreatic beta cells and glucose homeostasis has not been described. We produced mice with beta cell-specific deletion of Atg7 (autophagy-related 7).(More)
The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is unclear, despite epidemiological data implicating FFAs. We studied the pathogenesis of NASH using lipoapoptosis models. Palmitic acid (PA) induced classical apoptosis of hepatocytes. PA-induced lipoapoptosis was inhibited by acyl-CoA synthetase inhibitor but not by ceramide synthesis inhibitors,(More)
OBJECTIVE Imatinib has been reported to induce regression of type 2 diabetes in chronic leukemia patients. However, the mechanism of diabetes amelioration by imatinib is unknown, and it is uncertain whether imatinib has effects on type 2 diabetes itself without other confounding diseases like leukemia. We studied the effect of imatinib on diabetes in db/db(More)
OBJECTIVE We have reported important roles for signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT1) in pancreatic beta-cell death by cytokines in vitro. However, in vivo evidence supporting the role for STAT1 in natural type 1 diabetes has not been reported. We studied whether STAT1 plays an important role in the development of natural type 1(More)
The mechanism of FFA-induced insulin resistance is not fully understood. We have searched for effector molecules(s) in FFA-induced insulin resistance. Palmitic acid (PA) but not oleic acid (OA) induced insulin resistance in L6 myotubes through C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) Ser307 phosphorylation. Inhibitors of(More)
Although it is established that defective clearance and, hence, increased accumulation of apoptotic cells can lead to autoimmunity, the mechanism by which this occurs remains elusive. Here, we observed that apoptotic cells undergoing secondary necrosis but not intact apoptotic cells provoked substantial immune responses, which were mediated through the(More)
We have previously shown that jacalin, a CD4+ T cell lectin, induces phosphorylation of intracellular events, moderate levels of interleukin (IL)-2 secretion. We have also shown that in the presence of CD28 costimulation, jacalin induces IL-4 secretion. In the present study, we showed that stimulation of normal CD4+ T cells with jacalin plus CD28(More)
Adiponectin receptors mediate the antidiabetic effects of adiponectin. Although suggested to be mainly expressed in muscle, liver, and adipocyte cells, the expression of adiponectin receptors in beta cells is unclear. Given the primary involvement of this cell type in diabetes mellitus, we presently examined the expression level of adiponectin receptor 2(More)
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