Learn More
We report the generation and analysis of functional data from multiple, diverse experiments performed on a targeted 1% of the human genome as part of the pilot phase of the ENCODE Project. These data have been further integrated and augmented by a number of evolutionary and computational analyses. Together, our results advance the collective knowledge about(More)
Functional disintegration has been observed in schizophrenia during task performance. We sought to investigate functional disintegration during rest because an intrinsic functional brain organization, including both "task-negative" (i.e., "default mode") and "task-positive" networks, has been suggested to play an important role in integrating ongoing(More)
The cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) phenotype in plants can be reversed by the action of nuclear-encoded fertility restorer (Rf) genes. The molecular mechanism involved in Rf gene-mediated processing of CMS-associated transcripts is unclear, as are the identities of other proteins that may be involved in the CMS-Rf interaction. In this study, we cloned the(More)
—Free-free beam, flexural-mode, micromechanical resonators utilizing non-intrusive supports to achieve measured Q's as high as 8,400 at VHF frequencies from 30-90 MHz are demonstrated in a polysilicon surface micromachining technology. The microresonators feature torsional-mode support springs that effectively isolate the resonator beam from its anchors via(More)
In early blindness, the primary visual area (PVA) loses the ability to process visual information, and shifts to working on the processing of somatosensory input, auditory input, and some higher-level cognitive functions. It has not yet been investigated whether such functional changes can lead to alterations of the functional connectivity between the PVA(More)
A two-marker combination of plastid rbcL and matK has previously been recommended as the core plant barcode, to be supplemented with additional markers such as plastid trnH-psbA and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS). To assess the effectiveness and universality of these barcode markers in seed plants, we sampled 6,286 individuals(More)
A micromechanical filter design technique based on low-velocity coupling of resonators is described that can achieve percent bandwidths less than 0.1% without the need for aggressive, submicron lithography. Using this low-velocity coupling technique, an IC process limited to feature sizes no less than 2 µm was utilized to achieve three-resonator(More)
Despite the success of functional imaging to map changes in brain activation patterns after stroke, spatiotemporal dynamics of cerebral reorganization in correlation with behavioral recovery remain incompletely characterized. Here, we applied resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) together with behavioral testing to longitudinally(More)
Spontaneous fluctuations in the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) MRI signal during the resting state are increasingly being studied in healthy and diseased brain in humans and animal models. Yet, the relationship between functional brain status and the characteristics of spontaneous BOLD fluctuations remains poorly understood. In order to obtain(More)
Despite the high economic and ecological importance of forests, our knowledge of the genomic evolution of trees under salt stress remains very limited. Here we report the genome sequence of the desert poplar, Populus euphratica, which exhibits high tolerance to salt stress. Its genome is very similar and collinear to that of the closely related mesophytic(More)