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Previous studies have led to the proposal that patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) may have disturbed functional connectivity between different brain regions. Furthermore, recent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have also shown that low-frequency (<0.08 Hz) fluctuations (LFF) of the blood oxygenation level-dependent(More)
Free-free beam, flexural-mode, micromechanical resonators utilizing non-intrusive supports to achieve measured Q’s as high as 8,400 at VHF frequencies from 30-90 MHz are demonstrated in a polysilicon surface micromachining technology. The microresonators feature torsional-mode support springs that effectively isolate the resonator beam from its anchors via(More)
Functional disintegration has been observed in schizophrenia during task performance. We sought to investigate functional disintegration during rest because an intrinsic functional brain organization, including both "task-negative" (i.e., "default mode") and "task-positive" networks, has been suggested to play an important role in integrating ongoing(More)
Inflammatory caspases (caspase-1, -4, -5 and -11) are critical for innate defences. Caspase-1 is activated by ligands of various canonical inflammasomes, and caspase-4, -5 and -11 directly recognize bacterial lipopolysaccharide, both of which trigger pyroptosis. Despite the crucial role in immunity and endotoxic shock, the mechanism for pyroptosis induction(More)
The cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) phenotype in plants can be reversed by the action of nuclear-encoded fertility restorer (Rf) genes. The molecular mechanism involved in Rf gene-mediated processing of CMS-associated transcripts is unclear, as are the identities of other proteins that may be involved in the CMS-Rf interaction. In this study, we cloned the(More)
Much Research has been done on extrinsic and intrinsic systems, which consist of brain regions associated with the processing of externally and internally oriented stimuli, respectively. However, understanding of the underlying relationships within and between these two systems is relatively limited. To improve our understanding of these underlying(More)
Third-order, high-Q, micromechanical bandpass filters comprised of three ratioed folded-beam resonators coupled by flexural mode springs are demonstrated using an integrated circuit compatible, doped polycrystalline silicon surfacemicromachining technology. A complete design procedure for multiresonator micromechanical filters is presented and solidified(More)
A two-marker combination of plastid rbcL and matK has previously been recommended as the core plant barcode, to be supplemented with additional markers such as plastid trnH-psbA and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS). To assess the effectiveness and universality of these barcode markers in seed plants, we sampled 6,286 individuals(More)
Myocardial infarction is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Here we report that modulation of microRNA-499 (miR-499) levels affects apoptosis and the severity of myocardial infarction and cardiac dysfunction induced by ischemia-reperfusion. We found that both the α- and β-isoforms of the calcineurin catalytic subunit are direct targets of miR-499 and(More)
Despite the success of functional imaging to map changes in brain activation patterns after stroke, spatiotemporal dynamics of cerebral reorganization in correlation with behavioral recovery remain incompletely characterized. Here, we applied resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) together with behavioral testing to longitudinally(More)