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Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are phagocytic cells constitutively programmed for apoptotic cell death. Exposure to GM-CSF delays apoptosis as measured by annexin-V staining and cell morphological change. We found that STAT5B, STAT1, and STAT3 DNA-binding activity was induced by GM-CSF. We also detected activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(More)
Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins play essential roles in the constitutive and regulated splicing of precursor mRNAs. Phosphorylation of the arginine/serine dipeptide-rich (RS) domain by SR protein kinases such as Cdc2-like kinases (Clk/Sty) modulates their subcellular localization and activation. However, it remains unclear how these kinases and their(More)
Geranylgeranyltransferase I inhibitors (GGTIs) represent a new class of anticancer drugs. However, the mechanism by which GGTIs inhibit tumor cell growth is still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that GGTI-298 and GGTI-2166 induce apoptosis in both cisplatin-sensitive and -resistant human ovarian epithelial cancer cells by inhibition of PI3K/AKT and survivin(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase-extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling element (MAPK-ERK) plays a critical role in natural killer (NK) cell lysis of tumor cells, but its upstream effectors were previously unknown. We show that inhibition of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) in NK cells blocks p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1), MAPK kinase (MEK) and(More)
The mammary epithelium is a dynamic, highly hormone-responsive tissue. To explore chromatin modifications underlying its lineage specification and hormone responsiveness, we determined genome-wide histone methylation profiles of mammary epithelial subpopulations in different states. The marked differences in H3K27 trimethylation between subpopulations in(More)
Tumor immunity requires the participation of lymphocyte effector cells that display powerful processes to destroy malignant cells. Natural killer (NK) cells and CTLs, once activated, use the same lytic processes for mediating target cell death. However, they are triggered through distinctly separate antigen receptors. NK cells are currently known to express(More)
The heterotrimeric G-protein complex is minimally composed of Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits. In the classic scenario, the G-protein complex is the nexus in signaling from the plasma membrane, where the heterotrimeric G-protein associates with heptahelical G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), to cytoplasmic target proteins called effectors. Although a number of(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) prevents cell apoptosis and promotes survival, but the involved mechanisms have not been completely defined. Although phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) has been implicated in IL-2-mediated survival mechanisms, none of the 3 chains of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) expresses a binding site for PI 3-kinase. However, IL-2Rbeta does(More)
Root architecture results from coordinated cell division and expansion in spatially distinct cells of the root and is established and maintained by gradients of auxin and nutrients such as sugars. Auxin is transported acropetally through the root within the central stele and then, upon reaching the root apex, auxin is transported basipetally through the(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that NK-activatory receptors use KARAP/DAP12, CD3zeta, and FcepsilonRIgamma adaptors that contain immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activatory motifs to mediate NK direct lysis of tumor cells via Syk tyrosine kinase. NK cells may also use DAP10 to drive natural cytotoxicity through phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). In contrast to our(More)