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The Bcl-2 family member Mcl-1 is essential for macrophage survival. However, the mechanisms that contribute to the expression of Mcl-1 in these cells have not been fully characterized. The present study focused on the role of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in regulation of Mcl-1 in macrophages. Sodium salicylate (NaSal) treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Based on the high prevalence of people with problems in the wrist and hand simultaneously, it is of its importance to clarify whether hand joints exert extra motion to compensate for wrist motion while immobilized. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to measure the compensatory movement of the thumb and index finger when people perform daily activities(More)
Intensive use of chemical fertilizer for crops may be responsible for nitrogen and phosphate accumulation in both groundwater and surface waters. The return flow polluted by nutrients not only results in the limitation of water reuse goals but also creates many environmental problems, including algal blooms and eutrophication in neighboring water bodies,(More)
Many existing studies in overlay networking have focused on resource discovery or server selection. This work studies the integrated performance of peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing systems using location-aware resource discovery and service scheduling schemes. A novel file capacity amplification (FCA) model is first presented to capture the problem of the(More)
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