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BACKGROUND Molecular methods of pathogen discovery have recently led to the description of several new respiratory viruses. Human bocavirus (HBoV), a proposed member of the family Parvoviridae, is one of the most recently described respiratory viruses. Initial reports indicate that HBoV is a common cause of respiratory tract infection in children. METHODS(More)
CCR2 is a minor coreceptor for human immune deficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and its impact on HIV-1-related neuropsychological impairment (NPI) remains unknown. We studied the impact of CCR2-V64I polymorphisms on the development of NPI in 121 HIV-1 patients. The CCR2-64-I allele was associated with rate of progression to NPI when measured from the first study(More)
Over 50% of all human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infections worldwide are caused by subtype C strains, yet most research to date focuses on subtype B, the subtype most commonly found in North America and Europe. The HIV-1 trans-acting regulatory protein (Tat) is essential for regulating productive replication of HIV-1. Tat is secreted by(More)
BACKGROUND Host genetic factors are important determinants for risk of HIV-1 infection and disease progression. This study examined associations of host genetic variants and neurocognitive impairment in Chinese individuals infected through contaminated blood products. METHODS Two hundred and one HIV-infected patients from Anhui, China, had(More)
Increasing data support host genetic factors as an important determinants of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) susceptibility, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), and disease progression. Of these genetic mediators, those impacting innate and adaptive immune responses seem to play a critical role in viral infectivity and pathogenesis. During(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of CX3CR1 polymorphisms on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) pathogenesis is controversial, with conflicting reports of their role in disease progression in HIV-1-infected adults. METHODS A cohort of 1055 HIV-1-infected children were genotyped for 2 CX3CR1 polymorphisms, V/I249 and T/M280, and their impact on HIV-1-related(More)
OBJECTIVE The multidrug-resistance transporter gene (MDR1) encoding for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and genes encoding for isoenzymes of cytochrome P450 (CYP) have an important role in transport and metabolism of antiretroviral agents. This research examined the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of MDR1 and CYP genes on nelfinavir and efavirenz(More)
The interleukin (IL)-4 -589-C/T polymorphism has been reported to protect against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-related disease progression in white adults. In the present study, the effect of the IL-4 -589 polymorphism on HIV-1-related disease progression was evaluated in a seroprevalent cohort of 1043 children. The IL-4 -589-T allele was(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) remains an important route of infection in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS Genetic variants in CCR5 promoter, CCR2, CX3CR1, and Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) genes were determined in 980 infants from sub-Saharan Africa using real-time polymerase chain reaction to determine association with MTCT. (More)
OBJECTIVE An estimated 12 to 32 million upper respiratory infections occur in young children each year. In addition, 20% to 53% of infants will have > or = 1 episode of lower respiratory infection in the first year of life. The current methods of diagnosing respiratory viruses are limited in scope and sensitivity. Polymerase chain reaction is a more(More)