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OBJECTIVES Resin-based dental materials are not inert in the oral environment, and may release components, initially due to incomplete polymerization, and later due to degradation. Since there are concerns regarding potential toxicity, more precise knowledge of the actual quantity of released eluates is necessary. However, due to a great variety in(More)
According to the 'Adhesion-Decalcification' concept, specific functional monomers within dental adhesives can ionically interact with hydroxyapatite (HAp). Such ionic bonding has been demonstrated for 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) to manifest in the form of self-assembled 'nano-layering'. However, it remained to be explored if such(More)
Previous research showed that the functional monomer 10-methacryloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) ionically bonds to hydroxyapatite (HAp) and forms a nano-layered structure at the interface with HAp-based substrates. Such hydrophobic nano-layering is considered to contribute to the long-term durability of the bond to tooth tissue. However, dental(More)
The blind mutant FN68 of the unicellular flagellate green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is negatively phototactic in the presence of the native chromophore all-trans retinal. In contrast, analog chromophores such as a ring-acyclic retinal and those in which trans/cis isomerization about the C11 = C12 double bond was blocked induced predominantly positive(More)
The results of chromosome studies on cultured umbilical cord blood lymphocytes from a consecutive series of 14,835 liveborn infants (7,608 males and 7,227 females) are described. Ninety-three infants (6.27 per 1,000) had a major chromosome abnormality. Of these, thirty-one infants (2.09 per 1,000) had sex chromosome abnormalities. Seven male infants had a(More)
The photocycle intermediates of photoactive yellow protein (PYP) were characterized by low-temperature Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The difference FTIR spectra of PYP(B), PYP(H), PYP(L), and PYP(M) minus PYP were measured under the irradiation condition determined by UV-visible spectroscopy. Although the chromophore bands of PYP(B) were weak,(More)
Although the expression of the prototypic secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), group IIA (sPLA(2)-IIA), is known to be up-regulated during inflammation, it remains uncertain if other sPLA(2) enzymes display similar or distinct profiles of induction under pathological conditions. In this study, we investigated the expression of several sPLA(2)s in rodent(More)
Genes encoding 2-deoxy-d-ribose-5-phosphate aldolase (DERA) homologues from two hyperthermophiles, the archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum and the bacterium Thermotoga maritima, were expressed individually in Escherichia coli, after which the structures and activities of the enzymes produced were characterized and compared with those of E. coli DERA. To our(More)
This paper reflects on the state of the art of self-etch adhesives anno 2010. After presenting the general characteristics of self-etch adhesives, the major shortcomings of the most simple-to-use one-step (self-etch) adhesives are addressed. Special attention is devoted to the AD-concept and the benefit of chemical interfacial interaction with regard to(More)
Following the "adhesion-decalcification" concept, specific functional monomers possess the capacity to primary chemically interact with hydroxyapatite (HAp). Such ionic bonding with synthetic HAp has been demonstrated for 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP), manifest as self-assembled "nanolayering". In continuation of that basic research(More)