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Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
We found previously that expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) 3 is induced in a mutant rat strain (Eisai hyperbilirubinemic rats) whose canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT/MRP2) function is hereditarily defective and in normal Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats after ligation of the common bile duct. In the present study,(More)
Heme controls expression of genes involved in the synthesis of globins and heme. The mammalian transcription factor Bach1 functions as a repressor of the Maf recognition element (MARE) by forming antagonizing hetero-oligomers with the small Maf family proteins. We show here that heme binds specifically to Bach1 and regulates its DNA-binding activity.(More)
Myxobolus wulii (=Myxosoma magna) was first described from the gills of goldfish, Carassius auratus auratus, in China. Subsequently, a myxosporean infecting the hepatopancreas of allogynogenetic gibel carp, C. auratus gibelio, was designated as a different species, Myxobolus guanqiaoensis, although the morphological features were almost identical to those(More)
We constructed an infectious molecular clone of the human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) and generated nine frameshift mutants corresponding to nine open reading frames identified so far. Three structural (gag, pol, env) and two regulative (tat, rev) gene mutants were not infectious, whereas vif, vpx, vpr, and nef genes were dispensable for(More)
The outer arm dynein of sea urchin sperm axoneme contains three intermediate chains (IC1, IC2, and IC3; M(r) 128,000, 98,000, and 74,000, respectively). IC2 and IC3 are members of the WD family; the WD motif is responsible for a protein-protein interaction. We describe here the molecular cloning of IC1. IC1 has a unique primary structure, the N-terminal(More)
The 'motor' proteins of eukaryotic cells contain specialized domains that hydrolyse ATP to produce force and movement along a cytoskeletal polymer (actin in the case of the myosin family; microtubules in the case of the kinesin family and dyneins). There are motor-protein superfamilies in which each member has a conserved force-generating domain joined to a(More)
Skeletal muscle depletion, referred to as sarcopenia, predicts morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing digestive surgery. However, the impact on liver transplantation is unclear. The present study investigated the impact of sarcopenia on patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Sarcopenia was assessed by a body composition(More)
BACKGROUND Protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) is a soluble protein isolated from human brain and recently demonstrated to correspond to ubiquitin carboxyl terminal hydrolase. We examined the PGP 9.5 immunoreactivity in the developing hamster olfactory bulb to determine whether the olfactory bulb expresses PGP 9.5 from the early developmental stage and(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a protein (CuCOR19), the sequence of which is similar to Poncirus COR19, of the dehydrin family was isolated from the epicarp of Citrus unshiu. The molecular mass of the predicted protein was 18,980 daltons. CuCOR19 was highly hydrophilic and contained three repeating elements including Lys-rich motifs. The gene expression in leaves(More)