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Languages differ with respect to how aspects of motion events tend to be lexicalized. English typically conflates MOTION with MANNER, but Japanese and Spanish typically do not. We report a set of experiments that assessed the effect of this cross-linguistic difference on participants' decisions in a similarity-judgment task about scenes containing novel(More)
We examined the effect of endothelin-1, endothelin-3 and sarafotoxin S6c on the release of noradrenaline from gastric sympathetic nerve terminals using an isolated, vascularly perfused rat stomach. The release of noradrenaline evoked by electrical stimulation of the gastric postganglionic sympathetic nerves (at 2.5 Hz for 1 min) was inhibited by(More)
In the present experiment, we examined the effect of 8-iso-prostaglandin E(2) and 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2 alpha) on the release of noradrenaline from the isolated rat stomach. The postganglionic sympathetic nerves were electrically stimulated twice at 1 Hz for 1 min and test reagents were added during the second stimulation. 8-Iso-prostaglandin E(2)(More)
N-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenethyl)-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-methyl-m-dithiane-2-propylamine-1,1,3,3-tetraoxide hydrochloride (tiapamil, Ro 11-1781), a new homoveratrylamine derivative, was studied under various experimental conditions which allow the recognition of calcium antagonistic activity, and compared with the reference calcium antagonist verapamil. Similar(More)
Sympathetic nerves release noradrenaline, whereas adrenal medullary chromaffin cells secrete noradrenaline and adrenaline. Therefore, plasma noradrenaline reflects the secretion from adrenal medulla in addition to the release from sympathetic nerves, however the exact mechanisms of adrenal noradrenaline secretion remain to be elucidated. The present study(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Haemopressin and RVD-haemopressin, derived from the haemoglobin α-chain, are bioactive peptides found in brain and are ligands for cannabinoid CB1 receptors. Activation of brain CB1 receptors inhibited the secretion of adrenal catecholamines (noradrenaline and adrenaline) induced by i.c.v. bombesin in the rat. Here, we investigated(More)
We investigated the incidence of the postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. We conducted a prospective study of 65 cases with direct interviews by anesthesiologists who are blind to this protocol every 6 hours during ICU stay. There were no differences in age, body mass index, dose of fentanyl,(More)