Kumiko Nakamura

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We measured endogenous overflow of acetylcholine (ACh) from a vascularly perfused rat stomach in vitro with modified Krebs-Ringer solution containing 100 microM physostigmine. Evoked ACh overflow by vagal stimulation at 2.5 Hz for 2 min was abolished by tetrodotoxin (3 x 10(-7) M) or Ca++ removal and reduced by hexamethonium (10(-4) M). The evoked overflow(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Haemopressin and RVD-haemopressin, derived from the haemoglobin α-chain, are bioactive peptides found in brain and are ligands for cannabinoid CB1 receptors. Activation of brain CB1 receptors inhibited the secretion of adrenal catecholamines (noradrenaline and adrenaline) induced by i.c.v. bombesin in the rat. Here, we investigated(More)
We tried to characterize nicotinic acetylcholine receptors involved in the release of catecholamines from the rat adrenal gland. The isolated adrenal gland was retrogradely perfused via the adrenal vein with Krebs-Ringer solution at a flow rate of 0.5 ml/min. Endogenous catecholamines, adrenaline and noradrenaline, released into the perfusate were(More)
The adrenal glands and sympathetic celiac ganglia are innervated mainly by the greater splanchnic nerves, which contain preganglionic sympathetic nerves that originated from the thoracic spinal cord. The adrenal medulla has two separate populations of chromaffin cells, adrenaline-containing cells (A-cells) and noradrenaline-containing cells (NA-cells),(More)
Previously we reported the cholinergic M2 muscarinic receptor-mediated inhibition of noradrenaline release from the rat stomach (K. Yokotani, Y. Osumi. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1993;264:54-60). In the present study, we investigated the role of K+ channels in oxotremorine (a muscarinic receptor agonist)-induced inhibition of noradrenaline release using(More)
In the present experiment, we tried to compare the functional nicotinic receptors activated by electrical stimulation of the greater splanchnic nerve (containing preganglionic sympathetic nerves) to those activated by (-)-nicotine, using the isolated rat stomach. The stomach was perfused with Krebs-Ringer solution and endogenous noradrenaline released into(More)
We previously reported that two types of K(+) channels, the BK type Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel coupled with phospholipase C (PLC) and the voltage-dependent K(+) channel (Kv channel), are, respectively, involved in the prostanoid TP receptor- and muscarinic M(2) receptor-mediated inhibition of noradrenaline (NA) release from rat gastric sympathetic(More)
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus has a heterogenous structure containing different types of output neurons that project to the median eminence, posterior pituitary, brain stem autonomic centers and sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the spinal cord. Presympathetic neurons in the PVN send mono- and poly-synaptic projections to the(More)
Previously, we reported that central administration of bombesin, a stress-related peptide, elevated plasma levels of catecholamines (noradrenaline and adrenaline) in the rat. The sympatho-adrenomedullary system, which is an important component of stress responses, can be regulated by the central opioid system. In the present study, therefore, we examined(More)
BACKGROUND A decreased prostatic blood flow could be one of the risk factors for benign prostatic hyperplasia/benign prostatic enlargement. The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) shows a chronic prostatic ischemia and hyperplastic morphological abnormalities in the ventral prostate. The effect of silodosin, a selective alpha1A-adrenoceptor antagonist, was(More)