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Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a candidate gene for susceptibility to schizophrenia. DISC1 is reported to interact with NudE-like (NUDEL), which forms a complex with lissencephaly-1 (LIS1) and 14-3-3epsilon. 14-3-3epsilon is involved in the proper localization of NUDEL and LIS1 in axons. Although the functional significance of this complex in(More)
OBJECTIVE Effects of potent free radical scavenger, edaravone, on oxidative stress-induced endothelial damage and early atherosclerosis were investigated using animal models and cultured cells. METHODS AND RESULTS Endothelial apoptosis was induced by 5-min intra-arterial exposure of a rat carotid artery with 0.01 mmol/L H(2)O(2). Edaravone treatment(More)
The role of the renin-angiotensin system in oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of endothelial cells (ECs) was investigated using a rat model and cultured ECs. EC apoptosis was induced by 5-minute intra-arterial treatment of a rat carotid artery with 0.01 mmol/L H2O2 and was evaluated at 24 hours by chromatin staining of en face specimens with Hoechst 33342.(More)
AIM White matter lesions (WML) are common findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in elderly persons. In this study, we analyzed the relation of WML with global cognitive function, depression, vitality/volition, and 19 symptoms of geriatric syndrome in Japanese elderly patients who attended three university geriatric outpatient clinics. METHODS Two(More)
BACKGROUND Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, and pulse wave velocity of the central artery (PWV) have been widely used to evaluate progression of atherosclerosis. Our previous work has revealed that IMT, FMD and PWV are related to each other, and the combination of these measurements was(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of endothelial cells and the intracellular signaling were investigated. METHODS Cultured endothelial cells derived from a bovine carotid artery were treated with H2O2 or TNF-alpha to induce apoptosis. Apoptosis was evaluated by DNA fragmentation(More)
AIM Vascular dementia may be referred to as "treatable dementia" because its development and progress can be inhibited by intervention in the early stage. In particular, cerebral white matter lesions are readily encountered the clinical setting. In this study, we aimed to clarify the phenomenon and symptoms of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)(More)