Learn More
The positional signaling along the anteroposterior axis of the developing vertebrate limb is provided by the zone of polarizing activity (ZPA) located at the posterior margin. Recently, it was established that the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) mediates ZPA activity. Here we report that a new mouse mutant, Recombination induced mutant 4 (Rim4), and two old mutants,(More)
We examined the sequence variation of mitochondrial DNA control region and cytochrome b gene of the house mouse (Mus musculus sensu lato) drawn from ca. 200 localities, with 286 new samples drawn primarily from previously unsampled portions of their Eurasian distribution and with the objective of further clarifying evolutionary episodes of this species(More)
The intra- and intersubspecific genetic distances between five subspecies of Mus musculus were estimated from restriction enzyme cleavage patterns of maps of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The European subspecies, M. m. domesticus and Asian subspecies, M. m. bactrianus, M. m. castaneus, M. m. molossinus and M. m. urbanus were examined. For each subspecies,(More)
We report here that in three preaxial polydactylous mutants in the mouse, namely, 1st, 1x, and Xp1, ectopic expression of the Shh and Fgf-4 genes can be detected at the anterior margin of limb buds. These and three other mutants, namely, Rim4, Hx, and Xt1, which we described in our previous study, all appeared to form a duplicated zone of polarizing(More)
We selectively amplified the spacer regions of genes for mouse 5S ribosomal RNA (rRNA), which are tandemly repeated, by the PCR method, using primers specific to the two ends of the coding region for 5S rRNA. Fragments of approximately 1.6 kb were amplified from DNA from the BALB/cCrSlc mouse (Mus musculus domesticus), the SM/J mouse (M. m. domesticus), the(More)
We examined intraspecies genetic variation in house mice (Mus musculus molossinus) from the northern third of the Japanese Islands, in order to obtain evidence of the history of mouse colonization that might have shaped the current genetic diversity. We extended the previous sampling of mitochondrial cytochrome b sequence and added information from the(More)
BACKGROUND-MATERIALS: Dopamine is known to induce hyperglycemia in both animals and man, but the precise mechanism by which this occurs has not yet been fully clarified. We investigated whether dopamine has any direct effect on glucose release from hepatocytes through the glycogenolytic and/or gluconeogenic pathways, and at the same time determined the main(More)
Members of the Pax gene family have recently been shown to play important roles in mouse embryogenesis. Of eight so far characterized Pax genes, three have been associated with mouse developmental mutants. Here we report the cloning of a new Pax gene, Pax-9. Most of the DNA sequence encoding the highly conserved paired domain has been determined and(More)
The Japanese mouse, Mus musculus molossinus, has long been considered an independent subspecies of the house mouse. A survey of restriction-site haplotypes of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) showed that Japanese mice have two main maternal lineages. The most common haplotype is closely related to the mtDNA of the European subspecies M. m. musculus. The other(More)
Tactile sensory abnormalities, such as tactile hypoesthesia and mechanical allodynia, are frequently present in patients with chronic pain. A growing body of evidence indicates that hyperesthetic phenomena, like mechanical allodynia, are at least in part due to altered processing by neurons in the CNS. We propose that the hyperesthesia is associated with a(More)