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Delirium is a common psychiatric illness among medically compromised patients. There is an increasing opportunity to use atypical antipsychotics to treat delirium. The effects of these drugs on delirium, however, the most appropriate way to use them, and the associated adverse effects remain unclear. To clarify these points, a prospective open trial on(More)
This study aims to clarify the validity of the brief screening measure of depression in Japan. It was the single-item interview "Are you depressed?" that provided a reliable and remarkable accurate screen in North America. The study was conducted on 282 participants receiving radiotherapy for cancer. The criterion diagnosis were given by the Structured(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between a positive resection margin and the risk of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) is controversial. To evaluate the radiation dose and other factors influencing the ipsilateral breast tumor control (IBTC) in patients with positive or close resection margins after breast conserving surgery (BCS), the Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND The results of BCT in Japanese women have not been fully evaluated. The Tokyo Women's Medical University Breast Cancer Society initiated BCT protocols in 1987. Here, we present a retrospective analysis of BCT outcomes and identify prognostic factors. METHODS The study population comprised 348 patients (353 breasts) with UICC clinical stage 0,I(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) for treating radiation cystitis a long-term follow-up study was done in patients with prostate cancer, the second most common malignancy in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 38 patients at an age of 68 ± 8 years with radiation cystitis following irradiation of prostate cancer were(More)
PURPOSE Severe acute radiation dermatitis is observed in approximately 5% to 10% of patients who receive whole-breast radiotherapy. Several factors, including treatment-related and patient-oriented factors, are involved in susceptibility to severe dermatitis. Genetic factors are also thought to be related to a patient's susceptibility to severe dermatitis.(More)
BACKGROUND Most previous studies about anxiety and depression in patients undergoing radiotherapy have only measured the quantity of general depression and anxiety and have not studied specific periods of involvement. The aim of this study was to assess anxiety and depression among early breast cancer patients, and the anxiety experienced immediately before(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the outcomes of patients with early hypopharyngeal cancer treated with radical radiotherapy (RT). METHODS AND MATERIALS Ten institutions combined the data from 115 patients with Stage I-II hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with definitive RT between 1990 and 2001. The median patient age was 67 years; 99 patients were men(More)
PURPOSE Acoustic neuroma tumor size may be evaluated using several methods. Here we investigate the variations among measuring techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis of pre- and posttreatment magnetic resonance (MR) scans was performed on 15 acoustic neuroma patients with a history of stereotactic radiosurgery who had been followed for(More)
Radiation therapy (RT) for metastatic pelvic lymph nodes (PLNs) is not well established in cervical cancer. In this study the correlation between size of lymph nodes and control doses of RT was analyzed. Between January 2002 and December 2007, 245 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix treated with a combination of external beam irradiation(More)