Kumiko Arai

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Disorders in enteric bacteria recognition by intestinal macrophages (Mphi) are strongly correlated with the pathogenesis of chronic colitis; however the precise mechanisms remain unclear. The aim of the current study was to elucidate the roles of Mphi in intestinal inflammation by using an IL-10-deficient (IL-10-/-) mouse colitis model. GM-CSF-induced bone(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Specific induction of cell death in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a promising therapeutic strategy for hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we evaluated the cell-killing effect of ursolic acid (UA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, in activated HSCs both in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Culture-activated rat HSCs were treated with UA(More)
Despite pathophysiological similarities to alcoholic liver disease, susceptibility to acetaminophen hepatotoxicity in metabolic syndrome-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has not been well elucidated. In this study, therefore, we investigated acetaminophen-induced liver injury in KK-A(y) mice, an animal model of metabolic syndrome. Twelve-week-old(More)
UNLABELLED Pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) involves abnormal tissue-repairing responses in the liver. We investigated the effect of pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione derivative (TZD), on hepatic regenerative responses in obese, diabetic KK-A(y) mice. Male KK-A(y) mice 9 weeks after birth underwent two-thirds(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Several lines of evidence suggest that innate immunity plays a key role in hepatic fibrogenesis. To clarify the role of natural killer (NK) T cells in hepatic inflammation and fibrogenesis, we here investigated xenobiotics-induced liver injury and subsequent fibrogenesis in mice lacking mature NKT cells caused by genetic disruption of the(More)
Excess consumption of trans-fatty acid could increase the risk of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH); however, treatment targeting trans-fatty acid-induced NASH has not been examined. Here we focused on the influence of trans-fatty acid intake on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in hepatocytes, so we investigated the effect of the chemical chaperone(More)
Acetaminophen overdose causes liver injury by mechanisms involving glutathione depletion, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. The role of apoptosis in acetaminophen-induced cell killing is still controversial. Here, our aim was to evaluate the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) as a key factor in acetaminophen-induced necrotic and(More)
A detailed analysis of the antioxidative activity of 12 carbohydrates including chondroitin sulfate, fucoidan, agaro-oligosaccharide, 2-deoxy-scyllo-inosose (DOI), Galbeta1-4DOI, D-glucuronic acid, chitobiose, D-mannosamine, D-galactosamine, D-glucosamine, heparin, and colominic acid was performed using four established methods: 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl(More)
Video-mediated communication systems such as teleconferencing and videophone have become popular. As with face-to-face communication, non-verbal cues such as gaze, facial expression, head orientation and gestures in visual systems play an important role. Existing systems, however, do not support mutual gaze because the lay-out of the camera and monitor is(More)
To clarify the roles of innate immune cells in liver regeneration, here, we investigated the alteration in regenerative responses after partial hepatectomy (PH) under selective depletion of natural killer (NK) and/or NKT cells. Male, wild-type (WT; C57Bl/6), and CD1d-knockout (KO) mice were injected with anti-NK1.1 or anti-asialo ganglio-N-tetraosylceramide(More)