Kumi Shirakawa

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The aim of the present study was to compare the frequency of oxygenation determined in the vastus lateralis by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in light exercise with that at rest. A subject rested in a recumbent position for 5 min and changed body position to a sitting position on a cycle ergometer for 9 min. Then exercise with low intensity (work rate of(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypothyroidism is associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease. The arterial stiffness index beta (stiffness beta) in the common carotid artery (CCA), which is a parameter of arterial stiffening, is known to increase in hypothyroid patients, while normalization of thyroid function for 1 year by levothyroxine (L-T(4)) replacement(More)
Hypothyroidism is associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease, and an increase in serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) has recently been reported to be associated with the severity of coronary heart disease and cardiovascular mortality. The present study was designed to examine whether hypothyroidism causes an increase in serum OPG, and to(More)
OBJECTIVE Subclinical hypothyroidism affects 5-15% of the general population and is associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a parameter of arterial stiffening and a good independent predictor for the presence of coronary artery disease. This study was performed to assess whether(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the oscillations of oxygenation in skeletal muscle between early and late phases in prolonged exercise. During prolonged exercise at 60 % of peak oxygen uptake (V(.)o(2)) for 60 min and at rest, oxygenated hemoglobin/myoglobin (Hb/MbO(2)) and total Hb/Mb (THb/Mb) were determined by near-infrared spectroscopy in(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine 1) whether O(2) uptake (VO(2)) oscillates during light exercise and 2) whether the oscillation is enhanced after impulse exercise. After resting for 1 min on a bicycle seat, subjects performed 5-min pre-exercise with 25 watts work load, 10-s impulse exercise with 200 watts work load and 15-min post exercise(More)
OBJECTIVE Subclinical hypothyroidism affects 5-15% of the general population, is especially prevalent in females, and may be associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease, although it remains controversial. We recently reported a significant increase in the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a parameter of arterial stiffening and(More)
OBJECTIVE Subclinical hypothyroidism affects 5-15% of the general population, and is associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease. We recently reported a significant increase in brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a parameter of arterial stiffening and an independent predictor for the presence of cardiovascular disease, in(More)
Hypothyroidism is associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease, and adiponectin (ApN) is a newly-identified adipocytokine, which is expressed in human adipose cells and may have a protective effect against the development of coronary artery disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate the involvement of ApN secretion in hypothyroid(More)
We investigated ventilation (V(.)E) control factors during recovery from light impulse-like exercise (100 watts) with a duration of 20 s. Blood ions and gases were measured at rest and during recovery. V(.)E, end tidal CO(2) pressure (PETCO(2)) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were measured continuously during rest, exercise and recovery periods.(More)