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At least eight inherited neurodegenerative diseases are caused by expanded CAG repeats encoding polyglutamine (polyQ) stretches. Although cytotoxicities of expanded polyQ stretches are implicated, the molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration remain unclear. We found that expanded polyQ stretches preferentially bind to TAFII130, a coactivator involved in(More)
To investigate the mechanism of the meiotic instability of expanded CAG repeats in the gene for Machado-Joseph disease (MJD1), we analyzed the CAG repeat sizes of 1036 single sperm from six individuals with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). The segregation ratio between single sperm with an expanded allele and those with a normal allele is significantly(More)
The authors describe two patients in a Japanese family with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay. They presented early onset spastic ataxia, sensorimotor neuropathy, nystagmus, slurred speech, and hypermyelinated retinal nerve fibers. The authors identified a homozygous missense mutation (T7492C) in the SACS gene, which resulted in the(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegias (AR-HSP) constitute a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases involving pyramidal tracts dysfunction. The genes responsible for many types of AR-HSPs remain unknown. We attempted to identify the gene responsible for AR-HSP with optic atrophy and neuropathy. METHODS The present study(More)
The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) comprise a genetically and clinically heterogenous group of neurodegenerative disorders. Very recently, a C-to-T single nucleotide substitution in the puratrophin-1 gene was found to be strongly associated with a form of ADCA linked to chromosome 16q22.1 (16q-linked ADCA; OMIM 600223). We found the C-to-T(More)
The authors describe a Japanese autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) patient with a compound heterozygous mutation (32627-32636delACACTGTTAC and 31760delT) in a new exon of the SACS gene. The new exons upstream of the gigantic one should be analyzed when a case is clinically compatible with ARSACS, even without any mutation in(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induces granulocytic differentiation and apoptosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells, although the detailed mechanisms are not fully understood. We investigated ATRA-induced cellular responses mediated by the transcription factor FOXO3A in APL cells. FOXO3A was constitutively phosphorylated and localized in the(More)
BACKGROUND Early-onset ataxia with hypoalbuminemia is regarded as a variant form of Friedreich ataxia in Japan. Early-onset ataxia with hypoalbuminemia and ataxia with ocular motor apraxia have been considered as the same clinical entity because of the recent identification of a common mutation in the aprataxin gene. A new clinical entity named early-onset(More)
Ganglioside GM3 is a major glycosphingolipid in the plasma membrane and is widely distributed in vertebrates. We describe here the isolation of a human cDNA whose protein product is responsible for the synthesis of GM3. The cloned cDNA spanned 2,359 base pairs, with an open reading frame encoding a protein of 362 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass(More)