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Abnormal activation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), one of the most important transcription factors for the adaptation of cells to hypoxia, is frequently observed in numerous types of solid tumors. Dysregulation of HIF-1 induces tumor angiogenesis and enhances the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins and glycolysis-associated enzymes in cancer(More)
Ganglioside GM3 is a major glycosphingolipid in the plasma membrane and is widely distributed in vertebrates. We describe here the isolation of a human cDNA whose protein product is responsible for the synthesis of GM3. The cloned cDNA spanned 2,359 base pairs, with an open reading frame encoding a protein of 362 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass(More)
Alexander's disease, a leukodystrophy characterized by Rosenthal fibers (RFs) in the brain, is categorized into three subtypes: infantile, juvenile, and adult. Although most are sporadic, occasional familial Alexander's disease cases have been reported for each subtype. Hereditary adult-onset Alexander's disease shows progressive spastic paresis, bulbar or(More)
The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) comprise a genetically and clinically heterogenous group of neurodegenerative disorders. Very recently, a C-to-T single nucleotide substitution in the puratrophin-1 gene was found to be strongly associated with a form of ADCA linked to chromosome 16q22.1 (16q-linked ADCA; OMIM 600223). We found the C-to-T(More)
The authors describe two patients in a Japanese family with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay. They presented early onset spastic ataxia, sensorimotor neuropathy, nystagmus, slurred speech, and hypermyelinated retinal nerve fibers. The authors identified a homozygous missense mutation (T7492C) in the SACS gene, which resulted in the(More)
We describe a Japanese family which includes 13 patients in five generations who have dominantly inherited ataxia. Molecular testing revealed that in these patients the SCA6/CACNL1A4 gene carries the smallest known expanded CAG repeat (21 repeat units). The clinical features of these patients exhibited predominantly cerebellar ataxia with onset late in(More)
The authors describe the four patients in the first known Belgian family with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS). A novel homozygous missense mutation, NM_014363.3: c.3491T>A in exon 9, of the SACS gene was identified in the present family, which results in an original amino acid of methionine to lysine substitution at amino(More)
The authors describe a Japanese autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) patient with a compound heterozygous mutation (32627-32636delACACTGTTAC and 31760delT) in a new exon of the SACS gene. The new exons upstream of the gigantic one should be analyzed when a case is clinically compatible with ARSACS, even without any mutation in(More)
At least eight inherited neurodegenerative diseases are caused by expanded CAG repeats encoding polyglutamine (polyQ) stretches. Although cytotoxicities of expanded polyQ stretches are implicated, the molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration remain unclear. We found that expanded polyQ stretches preferentially bind to TAFII130, a coactivator involved in(More)