Kumea Shorter-Gooden

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Sleep paralysis is a state of consciousness experienced while waking from sleep or falling asleep. It is characterized by an experience of being unable to move for several seconds or minutes. This study represents the first survey to measure the incidence of this disorder in a black population of healthy subjects and psychiatric patients.
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this research was to develop and validate an instrument to measure shifting or self-altering strategies among African American women. METHOD A 13-item instrument was developed to measure aspects of shifting phenomena based on the empirical literature, feedback from focus groups, and cultural experts. The initial validation study,(More)
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