Kumaran Ratnasingham

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INTRODUCTION Glyceryl Trinitrate (GTN) ointment has been used to treat anal fissure and pain relief in haemorrhoids, but the value of its use post-haemorrhoidectomy as an analgesic and in wound healing is unclear. The side effect of headache has often been an associated problem. Therefore, a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials was carried out(More)
Lichtenstein inguinal hernia repair is associated with a low incidence of recurrence; however, the use of heavyweight mesh has been linked with chronic pain and foreign body sensation. It is hypothesized that the use of lightweight mesh may reduce these problems. This study aims to use meta-analysis to compare lightweight and heavyweight mesh for(More)
Vascular interstitial cells (VICs) are non-contractile cells with filopodia previously described in healthy blood vessels of rodents and their function remains unknown. The objective of this study was to identify VICs in human arteries and to ascertain their role. VICs were identified in the wall of human gastro-omental arteries using transmission electron(More)
Crohn's involvement of the Vulva is unfamiliar and difficult to treat. The aim is to review the presentation, clinical course and different treatments of Vulva Crohn's disease (CD). We have reviewed the literature without language barrier from 1966 to 2009 through Pubmed with the following words: vulva and CD, vulvitis and CD, genital CD. We included(More)
BACKGROUND Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the commonest benign neoplasm of salivary glands.(1) PA can undergo malignant transformation to ex-pleomorphic adenoma (2,3) but rarely, can metastasise without malignant transformation.(4,5) Metastasising pleomorphic adenoma (MPA) is a rare malignant tumour which, histologically, is indistinguishable from PA yet(More)
INTRODUCTION Provision of informed consent prior to surgery is fundamental in allowing patients to make balanced choices about their care. This study compares consenting practice amongst different grade of surgeons for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) with specific reference to the documentation of the complications of surgery. Timing and delivery of(More)
Introduction During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is currently regarded as the gold standard in the detection of choledocholithiasis. Laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) is an attractive alternative with several potential advantages. Methods A systematic review was undertaken of the published literature comparing LUS with(More)
Objective. The demand for laparoscopic surgery has led to the core laparoscopic skills course (CLSC) becoming mandatory for trainees in UK. Virtual reality simulation (VR) has a great potential as a training and assessment tool of laparoscopic skills. The aim of this study was to determine the role of the CLSC in developing laparoscopic skills using the VR.(More)
AIMS The aim of this study is to examine the role of ultrasound in conjunction with clinical judgment in diagnosing occult inguinal hernias in patients with groin pain. METHODS The study involved a retrospective analysis of 297 patients who presented over an 18 month period from January 2007 to August 2008. All the patients presented to outpatient clinic(More)
INTRODUCTION Blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Rapid diagnosis and treatment with the Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines are vital, leading to the development of Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST). METHODS A retrospective study carried out from January 2007-2008 on all patients who presented(More)