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This study investigates novel object-interaction priors for graph cut image segmentation with application to intervertebral disc delineation in magnetic resonance (MR) lumbar spine images. The algorithm optimizes an original cost function which constrains the solution with learned prior knowledge about the geometric interactions between different objects in(More)
This study investigates an efficient algorithm for image segmentation with a global constraint based on the Bhattacharyya measure. The problem consists of finding a region consistent with an image distribution learned a priori. We derive an original upper bound of the Bhattacharyya measure by introducing an auxiliary labeling. From this upper bound, we(More)
Automating the detection and localization of segmental (regional) left ventricle (LV) abnormalities in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has recently sparked an impressive research effort, with promising performances and a breadth of techniques. However, despite such an effort, the problem is still acknowledged to be challenging, with much room for(More)
We consider linear systems whose state parameters are separable into linear and nonlinear sets, and evolve according to some known transition distribution, and whose measurement noise is distributed according to a mixture of Gaussians. In doing so, we propose a novel particle filter that addresses the optimal state estimation problem for the aforementioned(More)
We present a discrete kernel density matching energy for segmenting the left ventricle cavity in cardiac magnetic resonance sequences. The energy and its graph cut optimization based on an original first-order approximation of the Bhattacharyya measure have not been proposed previously, and yield competitive results in nearly real-time. The algorithm seeks(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The diagnosis of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) in infants is currently made primarily by ultrasound. However, two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) images capture only an incomplete portion of the acetabular shape, and the alpha and beta angles measured on 2DUS for the Graf classification technique show high inter-scan and(More)
This study investigates a convex relaxation approach to figure-ground separation with a global distribution matching prior evaluated by the Bhattacharyya measure. The problem amounts to finding a region that most closely matches a known model distribution. It has been previously addressed by curve evolution, which leads to suboptimal and computationally(More)
Tracking multiple targets with uncertain target dynamics is a difficult problem, especially with nonlinear state and/or measurement equations. With multiple targets, representing the full posterior distribution over target states is not practical. The problem becomes even more complicated when the number of targets varies, in which case the dimensionality(More)
This study investigates fast detection of the left ventricle (LV) endo- and epicardium boundaries in a cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) sequence following the optimization of two original discrete cost functions, each containing global intensity and geometry constraints based on the Bhattacharyya similarity. The cost functions and the corresponding max-flow(More)