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Using 2 phase-change memory (PCM) devices per synapse, a 3–layer perceptron network with 164,885 synapses is trained on a subset (5000 examples) of the MNIST database of handwritten digits using a backpropagation variant suitable for NVM+selector crossbar arrays, obtaining a training (generalization) accuracy of 82.2% (82.9%). Using a neural network (NN)(More)
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) provide a set of building blocks for constructing stimuli-responsive nanoscale materials with properties that are unique to this scale. The size and the composition of MNPs are tunable to meet the requirements for a range of applications including biosensors and data storage. Although many of these technologies would(More)
The emergence of new nonvolatile memory (NVM) technologies—such as phase change memory, resistive, and spin-torque-transfer magnetic RAM—has been motivated by exciting applications such as storage class memory, embedded nonvolatile memory, enhanced solid-state disks, and neuromorphic computing. Many of these applications call for such NVM devices to be(More)
Nitrogen-based thermoset polymers have many industrial applications (for example, in composites), but are difficult to recycle or rework. We report a simple one-pot, low-temperature polycondensation between paraformaldehyde and 4,4'-oxydianiline (ODA) that forms hemiaminal dynamic covalent networks (HDCNs), which can further cyclize at high temperatures,(More)
BEOL-friendly Access Devices (AD) based on Cu-containing MIEC materials[1-4] are integrated in large (512×1024) arrays at 100% yield, and are successfully co-integrated together with Phase Change Memory (PCM). Numerous desirable attributes are demonstrated: the large currents (>200µA) needed for PCM, the bipolar operation required for high-performance RRAM,(More)
We demonstrate compact integrated arrays of BEOL-friendly novel access devices (AD) based on Cu-containing MIEC materi-als[1-3]. In addition to the high current densities and large ON/OFF ratios needed for Phase Change Memory (PCM), scaled-down ADs also exhibit larger voltage margin Vm, ultra-low leakage (<10pA), and much higher endurance (>10 8) at high(More)
Phase change memory (PCM) could potentially achieve high density with large, 3D-stacked crosspoint arrays, but not without a BEOL-friendly access device (AD) that can provide high current densities and large ON/OFF ratios. We demonstrate a novel AD based on Cu-ion motion in novel Cu-containing Mixed Ionic Electronic Conduction (MIEC) materials[1, 2].(More)
3D crosspoint memory based on Mixed-Ionic-Electronic-Conduction (MIEC) Materials K. Virwani, G. W. Burr, R. S. Shenoy, C. T. Rettner, A. Padilla, T. Topuria, P. M. Rice, G. Ho†, R. S. King, K. Nguyen, A. N. Bowers, M. Jurich, M. BrightSky†, E. A. Joseph†, A. J. Kellock, N. Arellano, B. N. Kurdi and K. Gopalakrishnan† IBM Almaden Research Center, 650 Harry(More)
A self-assembled magnetic recording medium was created using colloidal ferrimagnetic building blocks. Monodisperse cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (CoFe(2)O(4)) were synthesized using solution-based methods and then stabilized in solution using the amphiphilic diblock copolymer, poly(acrylic acid)-b-poly(styrene) (PAA-PS). The acid groups of the acrylate block(More)
A novel preamplifying cantilever (PCL) design for scanning probe microscopes (SPM) that is capable of mechanically amplifying specimen movements is presented. The sample motions in both out-of-plane and in-plane directions are amplified by the PCL. The spatial resolution of the cantilever is in the nanometer scale and is comparable with existing SPM(More)