Kumar Virwani

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Using 2 phase-change memory (PCM) devices per synapse, a 3–layer perceptron network with 164,885 synapses is trained on a subset (5000 examples) of the MNIST database of handwritten digits using a backpropagation variant suitable for NVM+selector crossbar arrays, obtaining a training (generalization) accuracy of 82.2% (82.9%). Using a neural network (NN)(More)
Nitrogen-based thermoset polymers have many industrial applications (for example, in composites), but are difficult to recycle or rework. We report a simple one-pot, low-temperature polycondensation between paraformaldehyde and 4,4'-oxydianiline (ODA) that forms hemiaminal dynamic covalent networks (HDCNs), which can further cyclize at high temperatures,(More)
BEOL-friendly Access Devices (AD) based on Cu-containing MIEC materials[1-4] are integrated in large (512×1024) arrays at 100% yield, and are successfully co-integrated together with Phase Change Memory (PCM). Numerous desirable attributes are demonstrated: the large currents (>200µA) needed for PCM, the bipolar operation required for high-performance RRAM,(More)
We demonstrate compact integrated arrays of BEOL-friendly novel access devices (AD) based on Cu-containing MIEC materi-als[1-3]. In addition to the high current densities and large ON/OFF ratios needed for Phase Change Memory (PCM), scaled-down ADs also exhibit larger voltage margin Vm, ultra-low leakage (<10pA), and much higher endurance (>10 8) at high(More)
A cantilever type has been developed for dynamic force microscopy by the addition of a harmonic oscillator in the form of a paddle to atomic force microscopy cantilevers. These cantilevers provide resonant amplification of periodic interactions between the probe and the substrate when the laser is aligned on the paddle. The cantilevers were explored for(More)
A novel preamplifying cantilever (PCL) design for scanning probe microscopes (SPM) that is capable of mechanically amplifying specimen movements is presented. The sample motions in both out-of-plane and in-plane directions are amplified by the PCL. The spatial resolution of the cantilever is in the nanometer scale and is comparable with existing SPM(More)
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