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height to improve our understanding of stratospheric ozone chemistry , the interaction of composition and climate, and pollution in the upper troposphere. All measurements are made simultaneously and continuously, during both day and night. The instrument uses heterodyne radiometers that observe thermal emission from the atmospheric limb in broad spectral(More)
BACKGROUND There is a large body of epidemiologic evidence linking abdominal obesity to cardiovascular diseases. Abdominal adiposity is an important component of insulin resistance syndrome. OBJECTIVE To investigate prevalence and trends in abdominal obesity in U.S. adult population. DESIGN, SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative cross-sectional(More)
To estimate the risk and population attributable risk of prehypertension that is due to abdominal obesity in White, Black and Hispanic American adults. To determine how much of the relative difference in the risk of prehypertension between high-risk Blacks and Hispanics and the low-risk group Whites that is attributable to their differences in abdominal(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of generalized, abdominal, and truncal fat deposits on the risk of hypertension and/or diabetes and to determine whether ethnic differences in these fat patterns are independently associated with increased risk for the hypertension-diabetes comorbidity (HDC). RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Data (n = 7075) from the Third(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is the second most common cause of chronic cough in immunocompetent patients who are nonsmokers, not on angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors and have normal chest radiographs. Identification of GER in chronic cough patients can be difficult; most patients with GER-related cough have no esophageal symptoms and no esophageal(More)
Clinical assessment of cardiac status can be difficult and incomplete without an assessment of fluid volume status, especially of the lungs. Now, a new parameter is available, thoracic fluid content (TFC). It is an indicator of total fluid volume, both intracellular and extracellular. Because it is measured noninvasively using impedance cardiography (ICG),(More)
CONTEXT Most patients undergoing in-hospital cardiac resuscitation do not survive to hospital discharge. In a previous study, we developed a clinical decision aid for identifying all patients undergoing resuscitation who survived to hospital discharge. OBJECTIVE To validate our previously derived clinical decision aid. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe changes in the distribution of waist circumference (WC) and abdominal obesity (AO) in white, black, and Mexican-American adults from 1988 through 2000. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Nationally representative cross-sectional surveys of adults 20 to 79 years of age were examined using data from U.S. National Health and Nutrition(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between clustering of adverse health behaviors (cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, and sedentarism) and serum carotenoids in a representative sample of white, Black, and Hispanic Americans. METHODS Data (n=6,218) from the Third US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were utilized for this investigation.(More)
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