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Under a multicentre study conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research, 2205 samples of dairy milk were collected from rural and urban areas of 12 states representing different geographical regions of India. These samples were analysed for residues of DDT and different isomers of HCH by gas-liquid chromatography. Analytical quality assurance between(More)
—We evaluate the performance of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) concepts and their applicability in increasing data rates achievable in multimode fibers. We draw on several MIMO techniques used commonly in wireless standards, and experimentally evaluate their performance benefits to a 3-km multimode fiber link. Using two transmitters and two detectors(More)
—Multimode fibers (MMFs) offer a cost-effective connection solution for small and medium length networks. However, data rates through multimode fibers are traditionally limited by modal dispersion. Signal processing and Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) have been shown to be effective at combating these limitations, but device design for the specific(More)
A general method of coding over expansions is proposed, which allows one to reduce the highly non-trivial problem of coding over continuous channels to a much simpler discrete ones. More specifically, the focus is on the additive exponential noise (AEN) channel, for which the (binary) expansion of the (exponential) noise random variable is considered. It is(More)
Polar coding has originally been introduced as a capacity achieving low complexity code for binary input symmetric channels. Polar codes can be understood as transformations that replace a probabilistic channel with parallel deterministic counterparts. This paper builds on this interpretation of polar codes, using it to perform alignment over the resulting(More)
Multimode fibers (MMFs) offer a cost-effective connection solution for small and medium length networks. However, data rates through multimode fibers are traditionally limited by modal dispersion. Signal processing and Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) have been shown to be effective at combating these limitations, but device design for the specific(More)
Large-core silica multimode fibers, whose core diameters are generally 50 μm or 62.5 μm, form the bulk of short and medium haul optical fiber links in existence today, owing to their low cost and ease of deployment. However, modal dispersion significantly limits the maximum data rates that they support. Recently, the ability to multiplex several streams of(More)
—Multimode fibers (MMF) are generally used in short and medium haul optical networks owing to the availability of low cost devices and inexpensive packaging solutions. However, the performance of conventional multimode fibers is limited primarily by the presence of high modal dispersion owing to large core diameters. While electronic dispersion compensation(More)
link quality is already very high, symbol duration extension usually does not show a significant improvement. However, at all SNRs, the ability to extend the symbol duration increases link reliability in terms of packet reception ratio. This work has deep implications to network architecture and analysis, some of which are detailed in this paper.