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BACKGROUND The newly assembled Bos taurus genome sequence enables the linkage of bovine milk and lactation data with other mammalian genomes. RESULTS Using publicly available milk proteome data and mammary expressed sequence tags, 197 milk protein genes and over 6,000 mammary genes were identified in the bovine genome. Intersection of these genes with 238(More)
Streptococcus uberis is a prevalent causative organism of mastitis and resides naturally in the environment of the dairy cow making prevention of the disease difficult. A bovine cDNA microarray comprising approximately 22,000 expressed sequence tags was used to evaluate the transcriptional changes that occur in the mammary gland after the onset of clinical(More)
It is well established that milk production of the dairy cow is a function of mammary epithelial cell (MEC) number and activity and that these factors can be influenced by diverse environmental influences and management practises (nutrition, milk frequency, photoperiod, udder health, hormonal and local effectors). Thus, understanding how the mammary gland(More)
Mice in mid lactation (n=6 per group) were fed a control diet (1.19% fat), or diets containing safflower oil (25% w/w) or olive oil (25% w/w) for 7d. Mammary and liver stearoyl CoA desaturase (SCD) mRNA levels and mammary SCD activities were higher in lactating mice fed the control diet than in those fed the oil-supplemented diets. Further, mammary SCD mRNA(More)
We have used cDNA microarray analysis to identify genes that play a role in bovine mammary involution. Involution was induced by termination of milking, and alveolar tissue was collected from 48 nonpregnant Friesian cows in mid lactation sacrificed at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 72, and 192 h (n = 6/group) postmilking. The most highly upregulated genes were those(More)
The serum amyloid A protein is one of the major reactants in the acute-phase response. Using representational difference analysis comparing RNA from normal and involuting quarters of a dairy cow mammary gland, we found an mRNA encoding the SAA3 protein (M-SAA3). The M-SAA3 mRNA was localized to restricted populations of bovine mammary epithelial cells(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES Dhat syndrome is a widely recognized clinical condition in the Indian subcontinent characterized by excessive preoccupation with semen loss as the main presenting complaint. This condition has been considered to be a culture-bound syndrome, and depressive symptoms have previously been reported. We were interested to know how common(More)
A potential role for epigenetic mechanisms in the regulation of mammary function in the dairy cow is emerging. Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in genome function that occur because of chemical changes rather than DNA sequence changes. DNA methylation is an epigenetic event that results in the silencing of gene expression and may be passed on(More)
Variation of vitamin E in blood plasma and milk and beta-carotene in blood plasma of 38 healthy and 38 mastitic cows was studied. Cows were assigned to one of the two treatment groups: control and vitamin E supplemented. Vitamin E supplementation was started when cows were dried-off at the end of lactation and continued until 3 months post partum at the(More)
Tight junctions (TJ) are cellular structures that facilitate cell-cell communication and are important in maintaining the three-dimensional structure of epithelia. It is only during the last two decades that the molecular make-up of TJ is becoming unravelled, with two major transmembrane-spanning structural protein families, called occludin and claudins,(More)