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The frequency of alpha+-thalassaemia, but not other unlinked DNA polymorphisms, exhibits an altitude- and latitude-dependent correlation with malaria endemicity throughout Melanesia, supporting the hypothesis that protection against this parasitic disease is the major factor responsible for the high frequencies of haemoglobinopathies in many parts of the(More)
Extremely high frequencies of the deletion form of alpha(+)-thalassemia (-alpha/), as studied by the DNA mapping technique, were found in the population of Madang, a coastal province in the north of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and in the population of Kar Kar, an island situated near Madang. Ninety-seven percent of the population tested from Madang and 89% of(More)
UNLABELLED Between 1997-1998 and 2006-2007 in Australia, the age-standardised incidence rates of hip fractures declined by 20 and 13 %, in females and males, respectively. Although this may be related to the rollout of public health campaigns and strategies addressing osteoporosis, absolute numbers of hip fractures continued to increase. BACKGROUND(More)
HLA-DRB1 nucleotide sequence polymorphisms have been examined in 304 Melanesians from the Papua New Guinean coast (Madang), islands (Rabaul) and highlands (Goroka), and from New Caledonia and Fiji. A total of 20 HLA-DRB1 alleles were detected by oligonucleotide hybridizations of exon 2 HLA-DRB1 polymerase chain reaction products, in a typing protocol(More)
The first report of Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine (CQ) resistance (CQR) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) appeared in 1974. Although the current prevalence of CQR-associated parasite gene polymorphisms has been documented for some regions, the spatial and temporal relationships that characterize CQ-resistant parasites in PNG are unknown. Insight into the(More)
HLA-A,B,C and DR types were determined for 46 adults living in the Madang area of Papua New Guinea. Sera from these individuals were tested by ELISA for antibodies against: (i) sonicated schizont extract of Plasmodium falciparum; (ii) circumsporozoite repeat regions of P. falciparum and P. vivax; and (iii) epitopes on the 230 and 48/45 kD gametocyte(More)
South-east Asian ovalocytosis status was determined in 1629 individuals originating from 12 different geographical areas of Papua New Guinea, representing different ethnic groups and degrees of malaria endemicity. This was achieved by using polymerase chain reaction amplification to demonstrate a 27 base pair deletion in the erythrocyte band 3 (AE1) gene.(More)
Path analysis of family resemblance for plasma glucose concentration, 2 h after an oral glucose challenge, failed to detect significant genetic heritability. There were no intergenerational differences and marital resemblance was moderate. Over one-third of sibling environmental similarity was due to non-inherited factors. Cultural inheritance was very(More)