Kuldeep K. Bhatia

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HLA-DRB1 nucleotide sequence polymorphisms have been examined in 304 Melanesians from the Papua New Guinean coast (Madang), islands (Rabaul) and highlands (Goroka), and from New Caledonia and Fiji. A total of 20 HLA-DRB1 alleles were detected by oligonucleotide hybridizations of exon 2 HLA-DRB1 polymerase chain reaction products, in a typing protocol(More)
The frequency of alpha+-thalassaemia, but not other unlinked DNA polymorphisms, exhibits an altitude- and latitude-dependent correlation with malaria endemicity throughout Melanesia, supporting the hypothesis that protection against this parasitic disease is the major factor responsible for the high frequencies of haemoglobinopathies in many parts of the(More)
South-east Asian ovalocytosis status was determined in 1629 individuals originating from 12 different geographical areas of Papua New Guinea, representing different ethnic groups and degrees of malaria endemicity. This was achieved by using polymerase chain reaction amplification to demonstrate a 27 base pair deletion in the erythrocyte band 3 (AE1) gene.(More)
Extremely high frequencies of the deletion form of alpha(+)-thalassemia (-alpha/), as studied by the DNA mapping technique, were found in the population of Madang, a coastal province in the north of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and in the population of Kar Kar, an island situated near Madang. Ninety-seven percent of the population tested from Madang and 89% of(More)
This review presents an imaging-centered approach to the diagnostic challenge of uncommon lung tumours in adults. Emphasis is placed on features that may be used to differentiate these tumours including fat content, tumour site, multifocality, calcification and predominant pattern of involvement.
Phenotype distributions and gene frequencies of nine red cell enzyme systems and haemoglobin are presented for six tribal populations from the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. AEO, MN and Rh blood group data are presented for four of these tribes. The results have been compared with these from other Andhra Pradesh tribal Populations. The Yerukula tribe(More)
The gene products of the apolipoprotein A-I, A-II, A-IV, C-II, C-III, D, E and H loci have been screened by isoelectric focusing followed by immunoblotting from two Papua New Guinean populations, the Huli and the Pawaia. Only APO E and APO H revealed common polymorphisms. A putative unique A-IV variant has been identified, but due to the lack of family data(More)
This study utilizes newly developed direct DNA typing methods for human leukocyte antigens (HLA) to provide new information about the peopling of New Guinea. The complete polymorphism of eight Melanesian populations was examined. The groups included were highlanders, northern and southern highlands fringe populations, a Sepik population, northern and(More)
The first report of Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine (CQ) resistance (CQR) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) appeared in 1974. Although the current prevalence of CQR-associated parasite gene polymorphisms has been documented for some regions, the spatial and temporal relationships that characterize CQ-resistant parasites in PNG are unknown. Insight into the(More)
The range of possible malaria vaccines, against different species of Plasmodium and various stages in the life cycle of the parasite in both human host and mosquito vector, is reviewed. The importance, in a malaria-endemic area, of protection by a malaria vaccine against disease rather than infection is emphasized, and the ways by which disease prevention(More)