Kui Zhai

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Activation of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) pathway reduces bladder contractility. However, the role of phosphodiesterase (PDE) families in regulating this function is poorly understood. Here, we compared the contractile function of the cAMP hydrolyzing PDEs in neonatal rat bladder smooth myocytes. RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis revealed that several isoforms(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the role of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) in the spatiotemporal control of intracellular cAMP concentrations in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The rank order of PDE families contributing to global cAMP-PDE activity was PDE4> PDE3  =  PDE1. PDE7 mRNA expression but not(More)
Bitter tastants can induce relaxation in precontracted airway smooth muscle by activating big-conductance potassium channels (BKs) or by inactivating voltage-dependent L-type Ca2+ channels (VDLCCs). In this study, a new pathway for bitter tastant-induced relaxation was defined and investigated. We found nifedipine-insensitive and bitter tastant(More)
Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is a natural flavone commonly found in many plants including PASSIFLORA COERULEA L. Researchers have performed extensive and detailed investigations on the behavioral and pharmacological effects of chrysin IN VIVO, but there was little information available on the effect of chrysin on nociception. Therefore, the present study(More)
The participation of large-conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channels (BKs) in chloroquine (chloro)-induced relaxation of precontracted airway smooth muscle (ASM) is currently undefined. In this study we found that iberiotoxin (IbTx, a selective inhibitor of BKs) and chloro both completely blocked spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) in single mouse(More)
Rat/mouse hemokinin 1 (r/m HK-1) is a novel tachykinin peptide whose biological functions are not fully understood. This work was designed to observe the effects of r/m HK-1 in pain modulation at supraspinal level in mice using tail-flick test. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of r/m HK-1 (0.1, 0.3, 1, 3 nmol/mouse) dose-dependently induced(More)
Cancer cell migration is involved in tumour metastasis. However, the relationship between calcium signalling and cancer migration is not well elucidated. In this study, we used the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line to examine the role of endoplasmic reticulum protein 44 (ERP44), which has been reported to regulate calcium release inside of the(More)
Calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations play a central role in varieties of cellular processes including fertilization and immune response, but controversy over the regulation mechanisms still exists. It has been known that nitric oxide (NO) dependently regulates Ca(2+) signaling in most physiopathological processes. Previous study indicated that eNOS translocation(More)
The stretching of smooth muscle tissue modulates contraction through augmentation of Ca(2+) transients, but the mechanism underlying stretch-induced Ca(2+) transients is still unknown. We found that mechanical stretching and maintenance of mouse urinary bladder smooth muscle strips and single myocytes at 30% and 18% beyond the initial length, respectively,(More)