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The air-breathing walking catfish Clarias batrachus is a potential ureogenic teleost with having a full complement of ornithine-urea cycle (OUC) enzymes expressed in various tissues. The present study was aimed at determining the pattern of nitrogenous waste excretion in the form of ammonia-N and urea-N along with the changes of tissue ammonia and urea(More)
In addition to lactate and pyruvate, some amino acids were found to serve as potential gluconeogenic substrates in the perfused liver ofClarias batrachus. Glutamate was found to be the most effective substrate, followed by lactate, pyruvate, serine, ornithine, proline, glutamine, glycine, and aspartate. Four gluconeogenic enzymes, namely phosphoenolpyruvate(More)
In the present study, the possible role of ureogenesis to avoid the accumulation of toxic ammonia to a lethal level under hyper-ammonia stress was tested in the air-breathing walking catfishClarias batrachus by exposing the fish at 25 mM NH4Cl for 7 days. Excretion of ammonia by the NH4Cl-exposed fish was totally suppressed, which was accompanied by(More)
We assessed the possible upregulation of glutamine synthetase (GS) and typical 'fish type' carbamyl phosphate synthetase III (CPS III) in detoxification of ammonia in different tissues of the walking catfish (Clarias batrachus) during exposure to 25 mM NH(4)Cl for 7 days. Exogenous ammonia led to an increase in ammonia and urea concentrations in different(More)
The present study was aimed at determining the effect of hypertonicity due to increased environmental water salinity on gluconeogenesis in air-breathing walking catfish (Clarias batrachus). In situ exposure to hypertonic saline solution (150 mM NaCl) led to a significant stimulation of glucose efflux due to gluconeogenesis from the liver after 7 days with(More)
Exposure of perfused liver of walking catfish (Clarias batrachus) to hypotonicity (-80 mOsmol/L) caused swelling of liver cells as evidenced by the increase in liver mass by 11.5%, and inhibition of [(3)H]leucine release (as a measure of proteolysis) by 37% from the radiolabeled perfused liver. Whereas, exposure of perfused liver to hypertonicity (+80(More)
The present study aimed at determining the effect of cell volume changes on protein synthesis, measured as the incorporation of [3H]leucine into acid-precipitable protein, in isolated hepatocytes of air-breathing walking catfish (Clarias batrachus). The rate of protein synthesis, which was recorded to be 10.02 ± 0.10 (n = 25) nmoles mg−1 cell protein h−1 in(More)
The possible synthesis of citrulline, a rate limiting step for urea synthesis via the ornithine-urea cycle (OUC) in teleosts was tested both in the presence of ammonia and glutamine as nitrogen-donating substrates by the isolated liver mitochondria of ureogenic air-breathing walking catfish, C. batrachus. Both ammonia and glutamine could be used as(More)
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