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Alginate is a biomaterial that has found numerous applications in biomedical science and engineering due to its favorable properties, including biocompatibility and ease of gelation. Alginate hydrogels have been particularly attractive in wound healing, drug delivery, and tissue engineering applications to date, as these gels retain structural similarity to(More)
Myocardial infarction causes a high rate of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and heat shock proteins as molecular chaperones have been attractive targets for protecting cardiomyoblasts under environmental stimuli. In this study, in order to enhance the penetration of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) across cell membranes, we fused HSP27 with transcriptional(More)
Electrospinning techniques enable the production of continuous fibers with dimensions on the scale of nanometers from a wide range of natural and synthetic polymers. The number of recent studies regarding electrospun polysaccharides and their derivatives, which are potentially useful for regenerative medicine, is increasing dramatically. However,(More)
Tissue engineering requires the use of polymeric scaffolds that mimic many roles of extracellular matrices (ECM) in the body. Controlling cell-scaffold interactions is one of the most critical parameters for regulating cell phenotype in tissue engineering, and a peptide with the sequence of RGD has been widely exploited for this purpose. We hypothesized(More)
Therapeutic angiogenesis is a promising approach to treat patients with cardiovascular disease, and will likely be critical to engineering large tissues. Many growth factors have been found to play significant roles in angiogenesis, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) are the most extensively investigated(More)
Nano-sized vesicular systems (nanoparticles), ranging from 10 nm to 1000 nm in size, have potential applications as drug delivery systems. Successful clinical applications require the efficient intracellular delivery of drug-loaded nanoparticles. Here we describe N-acetyl histidine-conjugated glycol chitosan (NAcHis-GC) self-assembled nanoparticles as a(More)
Injectable delivery systems for therapeutic proteins (e.g., hydrogels and microspheres) have attracted wide attention. Hydrogels, however, may release their hydrophilic contents too rapidly in a large initial burst, and phagocytes may clear microspheres within a relatively short time period after administration. We hypothesized that microsphere/hydrogel(More)
It has been challenging to prepare polymeric microspheres with controlled porous structures for many biomedical applications, particularly for pulmonary drug delivery. Here, we report the use of bovine serum albumin (BSA) as an osmotic agent in order to control the porous structure of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres prepared by a double(More)
We hypothesize that a microsphere/hydrogel combination system could be useful for the local and sustained delivery of recombinant human vascular endothelial growth factor (rhVEGF) to enhance angiogenesis in vivo. Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres containing rhVEGF were loaded into alginate gels by ionic cross-linking. The rhVEGF release(More)