Kuen-Ming Lan

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Keywords: Hopfield neural networks Energy function Mathematical programming penalty function Lagrange multiplier Primal and dual functions a b s t r a c t The Hopfield neural network (HNN) is one major neural network (NN) for solving optimization or mathematical programming (MP) problems. The major advantage of HNN is in its structure can be realized on an(More)
This paper proposes a recognition method for light objects in a video for real-time application and the movement of the surrounding objects. The method extracts the objects by considering known geometric arrangements and blinking frequency, while the latter is also used to remove the image noise. Therefore, locations of the light objects can be found(More)
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