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A combined neural network and tabu search hybrid algorithm is proposed for solving the bilevel programming problem. To illustrate the approach, two numerical examples are solved and the results are compared with those in the literature.

Keywords: Hopfield neural networks Energy function Mathematical programming penalty function Lagrange multiplier Primal and dual functions a b s t r a c t The Hopfield neural network (HNN) is one major neural network (NN) for solving optimization or mathematical programming (MP) problems. The major advantage of HNN is in its structure can be realized on an… (More)

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