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The mechanism(s) by which exercise reduces atherogenic risk remains unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that sustained exercise-induced oxidative stress may increase antioxidant defense in the arterial wall. Acute exercise induced an increase in antibodies to oxidatively modified proteins and catalase in the aortic walls of normal mice compared with(More)
We previously demonstrated the immunosuppressive activity of anti-histone H1 autoreactive antibodies (Ab) transiently induced in serum of a rat tolerogenic orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) model. In the present study, we investigated the effects of anti-histone H1 Ab on dendritic cells (DCs), T-cells, lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells, and human(More)
Histone H1 and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) proteins are known to initiate an immune reaction, and the corresponding antibodies (Abs) possess immunosuppressive activity. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the immunological role of antinuclear Abs in experimental and clinical liver transplantation. In a rat tolerogenic orthotopic liver(More)
Organ transplantation has become a major therapeutic option for patients with irreversible organ diseases. Immunosuppressive agents are usually required to prevent allograft rejection in patients who undergo an organ transplantation. Such drugs suppress both specific and nonspecific immunity, and render the recipient more susceptible to both infection and(More)
BACKGROUND Our recent studies suggested that anti-histone H1 autoantibody (auto-Ab) plays an important role in experimental and clinical liver allograft tolerance as a natural immunosuppressive factor. The present study aimed to explore how the autoimmune response against histone H1 is involved in tolerance induction. METHODS The measurement of(More)
BACKGROUND We recently reported that autoreactive antibody (Ab) against nuclear histone H1 had been identified as an immunosuppressive factor in a rat tolerogenic orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) model. The present study aimed to determine whether the up-regulation of antihistone H1 Ab by histone H1 vaccination leads to tolerance. METHODS Histone(More)
In organ transplantation, the development of a novel immunosuppressant free of the need for permanent administration and any serious side effects has eagerly been awaited. We have previously reported that an anti-histone H1 polyclonal antibody has immunosuppressant activity. Here we prepared an anti-histone H1 monoclonal antibody as an analytical tool to(More)
We reported that anti-histone H1 autoantibody is one of the main immunosuppressive factors in serum that is induced after orthotopic liver transplantation in a rat tolerogenic model. We generated a novel anti-histone H1 IgM mAb produced by hybridoma 16G9 (16G9 mAb) that shows MLR-inhibitory activity. Identification of a functional epitope responsible for(More)
We previously demonstrated the immunosuppressive activity of anti-histone H1 autoantibody induced in experimental and clinical liver allograft tolerance. This study aimed to explore the immunological aspects of anti-histone H1 autoantibody in liver injury induced by concanavalin A (Con A). To establish a Con A-hepatitis model, 20 mg/kg Con A was(More)
Induction of anti-nuclear antibodies against DNA or histones is a hallmark of autoimmune disorders, but their actual contribution to disease predisposition remains to be clarified. We have previously reported that autoantibodies against histone H1 work as a critical graft survival factor in a rat model of tolerogeneic liver transplantation. Here we show(More)