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Retention registers have been widely used in power gated design to store data during sleep mode. Since they consume much larger area and power than normal registers, it is imperative to minimize the total retention storage size. The current industry practice only replace all registers with single-bit retention ones, which significantly limits the design(More)
Retention registers have been widely used in power gated designs to store data during sleep mode. However, their excessive area and leakage power render it imperative to minimize the total retention storage size. The current industry practice replaces all registers with singlebit retention ones, which significantly limits the design freedom and yields(More)
Through Silicon Via (TSV) is a critical enabling technique in three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D ICs). However, it may suffer from many reliability issues. Various fault-tolerance mechanisms have been proposed in literature to improve yield, at the cost of significant area overhead. In this paper, we focus on the structure that uses one spare TSV for(More)
Sub-threshold designs play an important role in energy-constrained applications. In those designs, path delays depend exponentially on threshold voltage/temperature. As such, dynamic configurations at runtime are desired for best trade-off between operating power and performance. Unfortunately, most existing works only consider either process or temperature(More)
Star copolymers are known to phase separate on the nanoscale, providing useful self-assembled morphologies. In this study, the authors investigate synthesis and assembly behavior of miktoarm star (μ-star) copolymers. The authors employ a new strategy for the synthesis of unprecedented μ-star copolymers presenting poly(N-octyl benzamide) (PBA) and(More)
Lutein is a macular pigment that contributes to maintaining eye health. The development of lutein-laden nanocarriers for ocular delivery would have the advantages of user friendliness and cost-effectiveness. Nano-scaled vehicles such as cyclodextrin (CD) and nanoemulsion could overcome the barriers caused by the scleral structure. This study focused on the(More)
BACKGROUND The Chinese version of the Activities of Daily Living Rating Scale III (ADLRS-III), which has 10 domains, is commonly used for assessing activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with schizophrenia. However, construct validity (i.e., unidimensionality) for each domain of the ADLRS-III is unknown, limiting the explanations of the test results.(More)
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