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Previous studies indicate that the trigeminal motor nucleus (Vmo) and supratrigeminal nucleus (Vsup) receive direct projections from muscle spindle (MS) and periodontal ligament (PL) afferents. The aim of the present study is to examine the ultrastructural characteristics of the two kinds of afferent in both nuclei using the intracellular horseradish(More)
A previous study indicated that in adult rat, a distinctive neuronal group in the dorsomedial division of the subnucleus oralis of the spinal trigeminal nucleus (SpVo) and the rostrolateral part of the nucleus of the solitary tract (Sn) is stained for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d), and suggested that the labeled structures(More)
Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is initiated when natural IgM Abs recognize neo-epitopes that are revealed on ischemic cells. The target molecules and mechanisms whereby these neo-epitopes become accessible to recognition are not well understood. Proposing that isolated intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) may carry IR-related neo-epitopes, we used(More)
Although the principalis nucleus (Vp) contains trigeminothalamic and internuclear tract cells, the functional and morphologic differences between the two kinds of neurons have remained unsettled. The present study was aimed to address these problems by using the intracellular horseradish peroxidase injection technique in the cat. Of 20 neurons stained, 7(More)
To clarify direct descending projections from the parabrachial nucleus (PB) to the trigeminal sensory nuclear complex (TSNC) and spinal dorsal horn (SpDH), the origin and termination of descending tract cells were examined by the anterograde and retrograde transport methods. Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) and Fluorogold (FG) or(More)
Nanoparticle formulations have found increasing applications in modern therapies. To achieve desired treatment efficacy and safety profiles, drug release kinetics of nanoparticles must be controlled tightly. However, actual drug release kinetics of nanoparticles cannot be readily measured due to technique difficulties, although various methods have been(More)
Implantation of a medical implant within the body inevitably triggers a host inflammatory response that negatively impacts its function and longevity. Nevertheless, the degree and severity of this response may be reduced by selecting appropriate materials, implant geometry, surface topography and surface treatment. Here we demonstrate a strategy to improve(More)
Due to their unique optical properties and facile processability, nanorods of noble metals are promising for highly effective nanoscale optical devices. Specifically, the local electric field enhancement brought about by plasmon coupling between nanorods in an array configuration shows great potential for optical sensing. Recent results demonstrate that(More)
The cytoarchitectural subdivisions of the nucleus ambiguus of the rabbit and its myotopical and neurotopical representations were investigated with HRP labeling. The nucleus was subdivided into the compact cell group (CoG), the medial and lateral scattered cell groups (SGm and SGl), and the diffuse cell group (DiG). The CoG was formed by esophageal,(More)