Kuan-Chen Cheng

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Pullulan is a linear glucosic polysaccharide produced by the polymorphic fungus Aureobasidium pullulans, which has long been applied for various applications from food additives to environmental remediation agents. This review article presents an overview of pullulan’s chemistry, biosynthesis, applications, state-of-the-art advances in the enhancement of(More)
Soybean products (soyfoods), reported as potential functional foods, are implicated in several health-enhancing properties, such as easing the symptoms of postmenopausal women, reducing the risk of osteoporosis, preventing cardiovascular disease, and antimutagenic effects. Isoflavone, for example, is one of the most important compounds abundantly found in(More)
Biofilms are defined as microbial cell layers, which are irreversibly or reversibly attached on solid surfaces. These attached cells are embedded in a self-produced exopolysaccharide matrix, and exhibit different growth and bioactivity compared with suspended cells. With their high biomass density, stability, and potential for long-term fermentation,(More)
Biofilm is a natural form of cell immobilization in which microorganisms attach onto solid support. In this study, a pigment-reduced pullulan-producing strain, Aureobasidium pullulans (ATCC 201253), was used for continuous pullulan fermentation in a plastic composite support (PCS) biofilm reactor. Optimal conditions for the continuous pullulan production(More)
Cronobacter spp., formerly Enterobacter sakazakii, are human pathogens. They are the etiological agent of life-threating bacterial infections in infants. In this study, the survival behavior of C. sakazakii Bioresources Collection and Research Center (BCRC) 13988 in the presence of various ethanol concentrations was first examined. Besides, the test(More)
Pullulan is a linear homopolysaccharide which is composed of glucose units and often described as α-1, 6-linked maltotriose. The applications of pullulan range from usage as blood plasma substitutes to environmental pollution control agents. In this study, a biofilm reactor with plastic composite support (PCS) was evaluated for pullulan production using(More)
The concentration of NaNO(3), MgSO(4) · 7H(2)O and proteose, in Chlorella protothecoides medium were optimized for algal biomass and lipid production by using response surface methodology with Box-Behnken design. The optimal concentrations were 0.45 g/L of NaNO(3), 6 mg/L of MgSO(4) · 7H(2)O, and 0.25 g/L of proteose for maximum biomass production and 2(More)
BACKGROUND A plastic composite support (PCS) bioreactor was implemented to evaluate the effects on isoflavone deglycosylation in black soymilk fermented by Rhizopus oligosporus NTU 5. RESULTS Evaluation for the optimal PCS for mycelia immobilisation was conducted, which led to the significant results that the most mycelium weight (0.237 g per PCS, P <(More)
Spent coffee grounds, discarded as environmental pollutants, were adopted as enzyme immobilisation solid carriers instead of commercialised solid supports to establish an economical catalytic system. β-Glucosidase was covalently immobilised onto spent coffee grounds for the conversion of isoflavone glycosides into their aglycones in black soymilk. Optimum(More)
In this study, kojic acid, a secondary metabolite as an industrially important compound, was produced by Aspergillus oryzae (A. oryzae), which was immobilized in plastic composite support (PCS) bioreactor. Nitrogen deficient medium was applied to increase the production of KA in PCS-immobilized bioreactor. The efficiency of immobilized culture for kojic(More)