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We conducted a seroepidemiological study of Toxocara canis infection among mountain aboriginal schoolchildren aged 7-12 years living in contaminated districts in eastern Taiwan. To detect sera IgG (> or =1:64) we used a T. canis larval excretory-secretory antigen-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A short questionnaire elicited information on the(More)
Seroepidemiology of Toxocara canis infection among adults of one ethnic Han and five aboriginal populations residing in mountainous areas of Taiwan was conducted by detecting serum IgG (>/=1:64) using a T. canis larval excretory-secretory antigen-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A short questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain data concerning(More)
BACKGROUND Because the outcomes and sequelae after different types of brain injury (BI) are variable and difficult to predict, investigations on whether enhanced expressions of BI-associated biomarkers (BIABs), including transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), S100B, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), neurofilament light chain (NF-L), tissue(More)
Two strains (RH and GC, the latter of which is a Taiwan isolate of porcine origin) of Toxoplasma gondii were kept at -20 degrees C, -60 degrees C, and in liquid nitrogen (-196 degrees C) to follow the time course change in viability and virulence of the parasites by direct count and animal inoculation methods. Changes in antibody titers in some of the mice(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Cryptosporidiosis causes significant morbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who do not receive highly active antiretroviral therapy. Related data on cryptosporidiosis in Taiwanese HIV-infected patients are very limited. This study assessed the prevalence of intestinal infection due to(More)
Ascaris suum larval excretory-secretory (AsES) antigen and larval (AsLA) as well as adult somatic antigen (AsAA) which were thought to be possibly helpful in the diagnosis of visceral larva migrans (VLM) due to A. suum infection were investigated in the present study. Serum taken from mice orally inoculated with approximately 250 embryonated eggs of A. suum(More)
The lung fluke, Paragonimus westermani (Kerbert, 1878), is widely distributed in Asia, and exhibits much variation in its biological properties. Previous phylogenetic studies using DNA sequences have demonstrated that samples from north-east Asia form a tight group distinct from samples from south Asia (Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia). Among countries from(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the major cause of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis cases in Taiwan. Mice were orally infected with 35 infective larvae. One group of mice were given a single dose of mebendazole (20 mg/kg of body weight) per os at various times and examined at 14 days postinfection (dpi) for worm recovery rate and pathological studies. A 94(More)
Infectivity and pathogenicity to mice of embryonated eggs of Toxocara canis, that had been maintained in 2% formalin for 14 months at 4 degrees C, were evaluated by immunological and pathological assessment at 1, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 42 and 67 weeks post-infection (WPI). On each date, three infected mice and two age-matched uninfected mice were(More)
Pulmonary trichomoniasis is rare, and few cases of trichomonas empyema have been reported in the literature. We describe a rare case of a non-immunocompromised 55-year-old man with Trichomonas empyema presenting with bilateral pleural effusion leading to respiratory failure. Examination of the pleural effusion showed numerous motile organisms by fresh wet(More)