Kshama Nagaraj

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INTRODUCTION The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to quantify the treatment effects of en-masse retraction of anterior teeth with mini-implants as anchor units in bialveolar dental protrusion patients undergoing extraction of all 4 first premolars. METHODS A total of 40 patients (mean age, 17.5 years; SD, 3.2 years) were randomly assigned(More)
This report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 20-year-old woman with missing mandibular first molars. Titanium screws were placed in the buccal alveolar bone between the roots of the first and second premolars to provide absolute anchorage for protraction of the second molars into the atrophic edentulous areas. More than 8 mm of protraction was done(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the treatment effects of maxillary anterior teeth retraction with mini-implant anchorage in young adults with Class II division 1 malocclusion undergoing extraction of the maxillary first premolars with similar patients treated by a fixed functional appliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-four young adult female patients (mean age(More)
AIMS To investigate rapid canine distalisation by periodontal ligament distraction and to determine the effects of periodontal ligament distraction on the canine root and pulpal vitality. METHODS The sample consisted of 16 upper canines in eight patients who required first premolar extractions. The upper first premolars were extracted and the interseptal(More)
This case report describes the treatment of a 16-year-old post pubertal male patient with a severe Class II division 2 malocclusion and 100% deep bite. In the first phase of treatment, a 'Jones-Jig' molar distalization appliance was used to distalize the maxillary molars by more than 6 mm, to achieve a Class I molar relation. In the second phase of(More)
This report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 14-year-old boy who had 3 impacted maxillary teeth (right canine, left central incisor, and left second molar), 2 supernumerary teeth, and an odontoma. The treatment protocol involved surgical intervention followed by sequential traction of the 3 impacted teeth. The patient's smile dramatically improved(More)
A software architecture to rapidly develop and test radio networks in real and physical environments is proposed. Radio network terminals are developed in software and run on generic hardware to maximize reconfigurability. Due to the software nature of the radio terminals, radio networks can be simulated in a virtual environment, where physical channels are(More)
This case report describes the treatment of an adult female with a severe Class II malocclusion and congenitally missing mandibular incisors. It was decided to extract the maxillary first premolars and use mini-implants for en masse retraction of the maxillary anterior teeth. More than 13 mm of maxillary incisor retraction was obtained, with little change(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the skeletal, dental, and soft tissue treatment effects of retraction of maxillary anterior teeth with mini-implant anchorage in nongrowing Class II division 1 female patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three patients (overjet > or =7 mm) were selected on the basis of predefined selection criteria. Treatment mechanics consisted of(More)
AIMS To describe the treatment of an ectopic maxillary left canine and Class II molar relationship in a 12 year-old girl. METHODS A pendulum appliance was used in a first phase of treatment to distalise the maxillary molars to a Class I molar relationship. In the second phase of treatment, a mini-implant, inserted between the roots of the left maxillary(More)