Kshama Nagaraj

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This report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 14-year-old boy who had 3 impacted maxillary teeth (right canine, left central incisor, and left second molar), 2 supernumerary teeth, and an odontoma. The treatment protocol involved surgical intervention followed by sequential traction of the 3 impacted teeth. The patient's smile dramatically improved(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to quantify the treatment effects of en-masse retraction of anterior teeth with mini-implants as anchor units in bialveolar dental protrusion patients undergoing extraction of all 4 first premolars. METHODS A total of 40 patients (mean age, 17.5 years; SD, 3.2 years) were randomly assigned(More)
 Design requires theoretical analysis and computer-based Monte Carlo method simulations  Simulation is done in parallel to design  Simple idea: Use Software Radio code / model in simulation  Offer virtual mode / real mode  Use production code in simulation, reproducible test environment and results
This report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 20-year-old woman with missing mandibular first molars. Titanium screws were placed in the buccal alveolar bone between the roots of the first and second premolars to provide absolute anchorage for protraction of the second molars into the atrophic edentulous areas. More than 8 mm of protraction was done(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the treatment effects of maxillary anterior teeth retraction with mini-implant anchorage in young adults with Class II division 1 malocclusion undergoing extraction of the maxillary first premolars with similar patients treated by a fixed functional appliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-four young adult female patients (mean age(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the skeletal, dental, and soft tissue treatment effects of retraction of maxillary anterior teeth with mini-implant anchorage in nongrowing Class II division 1 female patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three patients (overjet > or =7 mm) were selected on the basis of predefined selection criteria. Treatment mechanics consisted of(More)
AIMS To investigate rapid canine distalisation by periodontal ligament distraction and to determine the effects of periodontal ligament distraction on the canine root and pulpal vitality. METHODS The sample consisted of 16 upper canines in eight patients who required first premolar extractions. The upper first premolars were extracted and the interseptal(More)
AIMS To describe the treatment of an ectopic maxillary left canine and Class II molar relationship in a 12 year-old girl. METHODS A pendulum appliance was used in a first phase of treatment to distalise the maxillary molars to a Class I molar relationship. In the second phase of treatment, a mini-implant, inserted between the roots of the left maxillary(More)
We introduced a simple and economical technique for precise placement of lower lingual retainers. Two stainless steel hooks made of 0.6mm wire are placed interdentally in the embrasure area between canine and lateral incisor bilaterally to lock the retainer wire in the correct position. Etch, rinse and dry the enamel surfaces with the retainer passively in(More)
AIM The aim is to present the treatment of an 11-year-old, hyperdivergent, Class II division I, female patient with a history of enlarged adenoids and severe arch length discrepancies. METHODS The malocclusion was treated by upper right molar distalisation and first premolar extractions. Accurate diagnosis, meticulous treatment planning and an(More)