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We report studies of a Croatian boy, a proven case of human S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase deficiency. Psychomotor development was slow until his fifth month; thereafter, virtually absent until treatment was started. He had marked hypotonia with elevated serum creatine kinase and transaminases, prolonged prothrombin time and low albumin. Electron(More)
S-Adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase deficiency has been proven in a human only once, in a recently described Croatian boy. Here we report the clinical course and biochemical abnormalities of the younger brother of this proband. This younger brother has the same two mutations in the gene encoding AdoHcy hydrolase, and has been monitored since birth. We(More)
The frequency of apolipoprotein E (apo E) phenotypes and genotypes due to allelic variation at amino acids 112 and 158 was analysed in 50 children with type I diabetes. Phenotypes were determined by isoelectric focusing and genotypes by the technique of polymerase chain reaction using allele-specific oligonucleotide probes (PCR/ASO) and the amplification(More)
Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of glycogen metabolism caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). It presents at any age, with variable rates of progression ranging from a rapidly progressive course, often fatal by one-year of age, to a more slowly, but nevertheless relentlessly progressive course,(More)
To investigate the risk for the development of urolithiasis in 30 children with urolithiasis, 36 children with isolated hematuria, and 15 healthy control children, 24-h urinary excretion of calcium, sodium, oxalate, citrate, sulfate, phosphate, magnesium, urate, chloride, ammonium, and glycosaminoglycans was determined and urine saturation for calcium(More)
Fumaric aciduria is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficient activity of fumarate hydratase (FH). Common clinical features are hypotonia, failure to thrive, severe psychomotor retardation and seizures. Facial dysmorphism and brain malformations are frequent. Recently, some FH gene mutations have been associated with inherited cutaneous and(More)
We present the results of a comprehensive analysis of mutations, polymorphisms and haplotypes in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene in 39 Croatian families with phenylketonuria (PKU). A total of 21 disease-causing mutations was identified on 78 out of 79 independent chromosomes. The commonest mutation, R408W on haplotype 2 was found with a relative(More)
Specific mutations in the gene encoding phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), located on chromosome 12q22-24.1, are linked to tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4; sapropterin)-responsive phenylketonuria (PKU). Diagnosis is usually done through the newborn screening for PKU, followed by a BH4 loading test. So far, more than 60 mutant alleles, presenting with a substantial(More)
Primary systemic carnitine deficiency or carnitine uptake defect (OMIM 212140) is a potentially lethal, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive infantile-onset cardiomyopathy, weakness, and recurrent hypoglycemic hypoketotic encephalopathy, which is highly responsive to L-carnitine therapy. Molecular analysis of the SLC22A5 (OCTN2) gene,(More)
We have analyzed the morphology and dendritic development of neocortical neurons in a 2.5-month-old infant with Walker-Warburg syndrome homozygotic for a novel POMT1 gene mutation, by Golgi methods. We found that pyramidal neurons frequently displayed abnormal (oblique, horizontal, or inverted) orientation. A novel finding of this study is that members of(More)