Learn More
Changing the steady-state configuration of the body or its segments may be an important function of central pattern generators for locomotion and other rhythmical movements. Thereby, muscle activation, forces, and movement may emerge following a natural tendency of the neuromuscular system to achieve the current steady-state configuration. To verify that(More)
Persistent motor deficits in the paretic arm present a major barrier to the recovery of the ability to perform bimanual tasks even in individuals who have recovered well after a stroke. Impaired performance may be related to deficits in bimanual temporal coordination due to stroke-related damage of specific brain motor structures as well as changed(More)
It is known that, in patients with spastic hemipare-sis, stable standing is impaired. There are different views of the reasons for postural disorders. In opinion of many authors, disorders of control of upright posture in patients with poststroke hemiparesis are primarily related to force-bearing asymmetry between the paretic and nonparetic legs [1–3].(More)
The process of learning to produce voluntary changes in the position of the center of pressures using biological feedback was studied by stabilography in patients with hemipareses due to cerebrovascular lesions in the zone supplied by the middle cerebral artery. There were significant impairments to learning in all groups of patients, who had lesions in(More)
For a long time, the cerebellum has been known to be a structure related to posture and equilibrium control. According to the anatomic structure of inputs and internal structure of the cerebellum, its role in learning was theoretically reasoned and experimentally proved. The hypothesis of an inverse internal model based on feedback-error learning mechanism(More)
To determine how arm movements influence postural sway in the upright position after stroke, interactions between arm, trunk, and center of pressure (CoP) displacements in the sagittal direction were investigated in participants with hemiparesis and healthy subjects. Participants swung both arms sagittally in either of 2 directions (in-phase, anti-phase)(More)
Supervised learning of different postural tasks in patients with lesions of the motor cortex or pyramidal system (poststroke hemiparesis: 20 patients), nigro-striatal system (Parkinson's disease: 33 patients) and cerebellum (spinocerebellar ataxia: 37 patients) was studied. A control group consisted of 13 healthy subjects. The subjects stood on a force(More)
Forty two hemiparetic patients after cerebrovascular accidents were trained to change the position of the center of pressure according to a target on the screen with the visual feedback control. The learning was substantially impaired in comparison with the group of healthy subjects. Patients with the right-hemispheric lesions showed somewhat greater(More)
The paretic arm of subjects with stroke has a decreased ability to quickly adapt to and recover from perturbations during rhythmical arm swinging. We investigated whether bilateral coupling in the synchronous motion of two arms may facilitate the restoration of rhythmical movement of the paretic arm in subjects with chronic hemiparesis due to stroke. While(More)