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BACKGROUND Experimental studies indicate that endogenous plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1, encoded by the gene SERPINE1) modulates the immune response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). On the other hand, LPS induces PAI-1 secretion. Activation of individual cells by LPS is facilitated by CD14. The single nucleotide polymorphisms -675 4G/5G in SERPINE1(More)
OBJECTIVE A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family, plays a crucial role in the survival of peripheral B cells, and may contribute to the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) through upregulation of autoantibody production and maintenance of autoimmune phenomena. We evaluated the capacity of peripheral(More)
Scleroderma interstitial lung disease (SLD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic sclerosis. Although the pathogenesis of SLD is not clear, excessive fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration are the main histologic features of this disorder. Leukotrienes and lipoxins are two functionally different classes of(More)
Mononuclear phagocytes represent a heterogeneous population of cells with individual subpopulations exerting different pro- or anti-inflammatory functions. CD163 is a monocyte/macrophage specific marker expressed predominantly on cells which possess strong anti-inflammatory potential. The expression of CD163 is strongly induced by anti-inflammatory(More)
CD16+ monocytes are expanded in various inflammatory conditions. Recently it was reported that CD16+ monocytes can be divided into two subsets with contrasting potential of modulating inflammatory responses, namely CD14++CD16+ and CD14+CD16+ monocytes. Here, we characterized and quantified CD14++CD16+ and CD14+CD16+ monocyte subsets in asthmatic patients in(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma (A) is frequently diagnosed in patients with chronic cough. The study was conducted to determine whether an evaluation of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) concentration can be used as a screening test for asthma in young adults with chronic cough (CCP). METHODS The study was performed on 540 (mean age 26.5; range 18-45(More)
Recent studies suggest that the plasmin system plays an active role in tissue remodeling. Plasmin degrades the extracellular matrix (ECM), either directly removing glycoproteins from ECM or by activating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). PAI-1 blocking MMPs may prevent ECM degradation, but inhibiting fibrinolysis leads to fibrin accumulation and fibrosis.(More)
BACKGROUND Animal models of allergic asthma indicate that intravascular platelet activation is necessary for the development of allergen-induced chronic airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the development of a late asthmatic response (LAR) in allergic asthma patients challenged with a relevant allergen is consequent to platelet activation.(More)
Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor (PAI-1) have been associated with asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate concentration of uPA and PAI-1 in induced sputum of house dust mite allergic asthmatics (HDM-AAs). The study was performed on 19 HDM-AAs and 8 healthy nonatopic controls (HCs). Concentration of uPA and PAI-1 was evaluated(More)
Peripheral blood monocyte (PBM) subsets play different roles in inflammatory response and tissue remodelling. The aim of this study was to investigate how allergen challenge affects the number of circulating PBMs in Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) allergic patients (Dp-APs). Among 34 Dp-APs challenged, in 22 patients significant bronchoconstriction was(More)