Krzysztof Starón

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Human DNA topoisomerase I plays a dual role in transcription, by controlling DNA supercoiling and by acting as a specific kinase for the SR-protein family of splicing factors. The two activities are mutually exclusive, but the identity of the molecular switch is unknown. Here we identify poly(ADP-ribose) as a physiological regulator of the two topoisomerase(More)
Human topoisomerase I is a nuclear enzyme that catalyses DNA relaxation and phosphorylation of SR proteins. Topoisomerase I participates in several protein-protein interactions. We performed a proteomic analysis of protein partners of topoisomerase I. Two methods were applied to proteins of the nuclear extract of HeLa cells: a co-immunoprecipitation and an(More)
DNA relaxation catalysed by topoisomerase I is based on the reversible DNA cleavage. The reaction is inhibited by binding of splicing protein SF2/ASF, a substrate for the kinase activity of topoisomerase I. In this paper, we show a novel binding site for SF2/ASF in the cap region of topoisomerase I (amino acids 215-433) which interacts with the region(More)
Calf thymus chromatin gel, containing strongly bound nonhistone proteins, was used to study the effect of easily removable and tightly bound cations on the condensation of chromatin. The chromatin volume was found to be linearly dependent on the reciprocal square root of the concentration of easily removable cations (Tris X H+ + Na+ and Mg2+) except for the(More)
An in vitro system composed of nicked pBR322 DNA and purified topoisomerase I was employed to study the efficiency of the topoisomerase I-driven single-strand to double-strand DNA breaks conversion. At 1.4 × 105 topoisomerase I activity units per mg DNA about 20% single-strand nicks were converted into double-strand breaks during 30 min due to topoisomerase(More)
Inhibitors of CK2 kinase inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in numerous cancer cell lines. Due to these properties, they are considered potentially useful in anticancer therapy. In this study, we show that the exact effect of the specific CK2 inhibitor TBB on PC-3 human prostate cancer cell viability depends(More)
Overexpression of the BH3-interacting domain death agonist (BID) protein sensitizes certain cancer cell lines to apoptosis induced by anticancer agents, particularly by those acting through death receptors (e.g. TRAIL). Previously, we showed that recombinant BID fused with TAT cell penetrating peptide (TAT-BID) allowed for controlled delivery of BID to(More)
The reason for different phosphorylation of topoisomerase I in two sublines of L5178Y murine lymphoma (LY cells) was investigated. Camptothecin-resistant LY-S cells show increased poly(ADP-ribose) level and lowered topoisomerase I phosphorylation compared to camptothecin-sensitive LY-R cells. In this study diminished phosphorylation of LY-S topoisomerase I(More)
Calf PNP is a ubiquitous enzyme of the salvage metabolic pathway. The procedure for this enzyme production in large quantities is described. The coding sequence of bovine PNP was amplified from the calf spleen cDNA library and was inserted into an expression vector pET28a(+). The construct was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) strain. The protein(More)
Transition-state analogue inhibitors, immucillins, were reported to bind to trimeric purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) with the stoichiometry of one molecule per enzyme trimer [Miles, R. W.; Tyler, P. C.; Furneaux, R. H.; Bagdassarian, C. K.; Schramm, V. L. Biochem. 1998, 37, 8615]. In attempts to observe and better understand the nature of this(More)