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Aspirin causes bronchoconstriction in aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA) patients by triggering cysteinyl-leukotriene (cys-LT) production, probably by removing PGE2-dependent inhibition. To investigate why aspirin does not cause bronchoconstriction in all individuals, we immunostained enzymes of the leukotriene and prostanoid pathways in bronchial biopsies(More)
BACKGROUND Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and other nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are reported to account for 21-25% of all adverse drug reactions. Some asthmatics may react to ASA and other NSAIDs with acute bronchoconstriction, profuse rhinorrhea and skin flushing. This is a distinct clinical syndrome called aspirin-induced asthma (AIA). The(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic events. We investigated thrombin generation profiles in COPD patients and their dependence on plasma factor/inhibitor composition. METHODS Factors (f) (fII, fV, fVII, fVIII, fIX, fX), antithrombin, protein C (PC) and free tissue factor pathway(More)
Mast cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease. They can be activated by immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated mechanisms to release powerful mediators affecting local blood flow. We have determined systematically serum IgE concentrations in 100 patients with acute myocardial infarction. There was a consistent pattern of change in(More)
The etiology of aspirin-sensitive asthma is unknown, but a plausible hypothesis is that the inhibitory effect of aspirin on the cyclooxygenase enzyme increases formation of bronchoconstrictor leukotrienes via "shunting" of unmetabolized arachidonic acid into metabolism by the 5-lipoxygenase enzyme. The severity and rapidity of bronchospasm that is induced(More)
Allergen-stimulated release of a cyclooxygenase product (thromboxane [TX] A2) and a 5-lipoxygenase product (leukotriene [LT] E4) into the urine was measured in 10 atopic asthmatics undergoing allergen inhalation. Because indomethacin has been reported to increase allergic-stimulated 5-lipoxygenase product formation and to inhibit the late asthmatic(More)
In order to examine the hypothesis that in aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) cyclooxygenase inhibition is associated with enhanced release of leukotrienes (LTs), we measured urinary leukotriene E4 (LTE4) and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 (TXB2) (as a measure of cyclooxygenase production) following challenge with oral aspirin or inhaled methacholine, in 10 AIA(More)
We have recently shown that oral aspirin provocation leads to an increase in LTE4 and a reduction in 11-dehydro-TXB2 levels in urine of patients with aspirin induced-asthma (AIA). To test the hypothesis that cyclooxygenase inhibition and an enhancement of cysteinyl-leukotriene production occurs in the lungs of patients with AIA, we examined the eicosanoid(More)
Increased risk of thrombotic events occurs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Elevated fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (CRP), being common in COPD, are associated with formation of dense fibrin clots resistant to lysis. Statins have been found to display anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic effects. We investigated fibrin clot properties in(More)