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Aspirin causes bronchoconstriction in aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA) patients by triggering cysteinyl-leukotriene (cys-LT) production, probably by removing PGE2-dependent inhibition. To investigate why aspirin does not cause bronchoconstriction in all individuals, we immunostained enzymes of the leukotriene and prostanoid pathways in bronchial biopsies(More)
BACKGROUND Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and other nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are reported to account for 21-25% of all adverse drug reactions. Some asthmatics may react to ASA and other NSAIDs with acute bronchoconstriction, profuse rhinorrhea and skin flushing. This is a distinct clinical syndrome called aspirin-induced asthma (AIA). The(More)
Mast cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease. They can be activated by immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated mechanisms to release powerful mediators affecting local blood flow. We have determined systematically serum IgE concentrations in 100 patients with acute myocardial infarction. There was a consistent pattern of change in(More)
Increased risk of thrombotic events occurs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Elevated fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (CRP), being common in COPD, are associated with formation of dense fibrin clots resistant to lysis. Statins have been found to display anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic effects. We investigated fibrin clot properties in(More)
We have recently shown that oral aspirin provocation leads to an increase in LTE4 and a reduction in 11-dehydro-TXB2 levels in urine of patients with aspirin induced-asthma (AIA). To test the hypothesis that cyclooxygenase inhibition and an enhancement of cysteinyl-leukotriene production occurs in the lungs of patients with AIA, we examined the eicosanoid(More)
In order to examine the hypothesis that in aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) cyclooxygenase inhibition is associated with enhanced release of leukotrienes (LTs), we measured urinary leukotriene E4 (LTE4) and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 (TXB2) (as a measure of cyclooxygenase production) following challenge with oral aspirin or inhaled methacholine, in 10 AIA(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) affects 10-20% of the elderly population and is strongly related to the risk of cardiovascular events. Elevated systolic BP values are primarily caused by reduced large vessel compliance with a consequent increase in total peripheral resistance. Vasodilating drugs, such as calcium channel(More)
We have shown that inhalation of lysine aspirin enhances leukotriene production in the lungs of patients with aspirin-induced asthma (AIA). To assess the specificity of this reaction, we compared two well-matched groups of patients: eleven with AIA versus 14 asthmatics tolerant to aspirin (ATA). All subjects underwent bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) with(More)
The etiology of aspirin-sensitive asthma is unknown, but a plausible hypothesis is that the inhibitory effect of aspirin on the cyclooxygenase enzyme increases formation of bronchoconstrictor leukotrienes via "shunting" of unmetabolized arachidonic acid into metabolism by the 5-lipoxygenase enzyme. The severity and rapidity of bronchospasm that is induced(More)