Krzysztof Lis

Learn More
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is considered a major proinflammatory cytokine, affecting various aspects of the immune reaction. All five TNF inhibitors currently available on the market (i.e., etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab and golimumab) are top sellers, although indicated only in autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's(More)
Migraine is a chronic, recurrent disorder, characterized by attacks of severe pain, affecting around 1% of adult population. Many studies suggest, that trigeminovascular system plays a key role in pathogenesis of migraine and other primary headaches. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is an endogenous substance, which is regarded a key mediator released(More)
It is well established that the majority of headache and other trigeminal nerve-associated disorders have higher prevalence in females than in males. However, the pathogenesis of many chronic trigeminal pain conditions, such as trigeminal neuralgia, migraine and temporo-mandibular disorders, is still not known. One of the proposed mechanisms involve(More)
  • 1